Stone is often used in building or decorating.The natural texture of the stone can be brought out by applying a stain.It is not possible to lighten a dark-colored stone by staining it.If you apply a sealant after the stone has been stained, it will keep it from becoming discolored over time.
Step 1: Use a wire brush to clean the stone.
You should scrub the entire surface of your stone with a wire brush.Special attention should be paid to areas that have collected debris or are coated in dust.The dirt on the stone will fall off if you stain it before it is cleaned.
Step 2: Put a damp rag on the interior stone.
Once you have cleaned the interior stone with the brush, you can remove the loosened dirt and debris by wiping it down with a damp rag.Give the stone at least an hour to dry after this wipe-down.
Step 3: Pressure wash the outdoor stone.
If you want to clean off decorative stone, you can use a pressure washer.It’s a good idea to pressure wash all of the dirt.It’s important to spray each section of the stonework in turn.If the pressure wash can’t reach the hard-to-reach spots in the stonework, it’s a good idea to scrub them clean with a stiff wire brush.You can rinse outdoor stone with spray from a hose if you clean it with a wire brush.A few buckets of water can be thrown over the stone.
Step 4: You can choose a color of stone stain.
There are different colors of water-based stone stains.Pick a color that will complement the shade, type, and texture of stone in your home by looking at several.Water-based stone stain and sealant can be purchased at home and garden supply stores.Make sure that the type of stain you choose is made for use on stone.Wood stain shouldn’t be applied to stone.
Step 5: The spray bottle has a stone stain in it.
It is the most efficient to put the stone stain into a plastic spray bottle if you are covering a large area of stonework.To avoid spilling stain, use a funnel.You can buy these at any grocery store, drug store or dollar store.
Step 6: Take a small area of stone and spray it.
At a time, spray a thick, even coating of the stain over the stone.If you have large stones with mortar between them, spray 1 stone at a time.The mortar should be sprayed between the stones with stain.It will look out of place if it is not stained.The mortar won’t be damaged by the stain.It is advisable to cover the entire surface of the stonework slowly.
Step 7: A bristle brush can be used to work the stain into the stone.
Use a bristle brush to work the liquid into the stone.The stain needs to be worked deeper into the stone by moving the brush in a circular direction.If you smooth out any obvious spray lines from when the spray was applied, the stone will look better.You can use a bristle brush to make sure that the stain is applied evenly over all the stones.
Step 8: Let the stain dry.
The stone needs to be dry before it can be touched or sealed.The stone needs at least 10 hours to dry.Once the stain has dried, you can seal it.
Step 9: If you prefer a darker color, apply a second coat.
A single coat of stain can change the color of a section of stone.If you want a darker, more pronounced color, apply a second coat using the same techniques that you used for the first coat.Try to overlap the stain by 1 inch so that the lines between sections are not visible when moving from section to section.
Step 10: There is a color of acid stain.
Acid stains come in a wide variety of colors.If you want to add color and texture to your stone, you can find colored stains.Acid stains can be found at most home and garden stores.Acid stain can be applied to stone as well.
Step 11: The acid stain should be put into a spray bottle.
It is easy to apply water-based stain to stone with a plastic spray bottle.If you want to avoid getting a stain on your hands, wear safety gloves or pour the stain through a plastic funnel.The acid stain can’t be eaten through the plastic.When you are done staining, wash the spray bottle with soap.It can be used for other things.
Step 12: The acid stain should be sprayed over a section of stone.
The stain should be applied over the stone.If you leave patches bare, they may appear discolored once the stain has dried.When applying a water-based stain, be sure to apply it to the mortar between stones as well.The mortar won’t be damaged by the acid stain.A small puddle of stain can be made in a 6 inch (15 cm) area.The stain will make this area darker than the rest.
Step 13: Good visual results can be achieved by continuously working.
Take a break when staining a single section of stone.You will end up with an ugly line if you stop and give the stain time to dry.If you want to avoid visible lines between the sections you have stained, overlap the stain by about 1 inch.
Step 14: Let the stain dry.
A period of rest will give the acid stain time to dry and work itself into the stone.Don’t touch the stone surface during this time.If the stone is outside, cover it with a tarp to keep it dry.If you want the stone to be darker than it is after a single application of the acid stain, apply a second coat.Give this second layer 24 hours to dry.
Step 15: Baking soda and water can be used to neutralize the acid.
In order to not eat through the stone, the acid-based stain needs to be mitigated.Baking soda and water should be mixed in a bucket.Use a nylon scrub brush to coat the surface of the stone.You can use spray-on ammonia instead of baking soda.It is highly caustic when handling ammonia.
Step 16: Paint the stone with long, horizontal strokes.
Apply a thick layer of sealant over the entire stone surface with a large bristle paintbrush.The sealant won’t be visible if you use long strokes.Run the paintbrush over that section a second time if you see bubbles in the sealant.If you are working on a vertical surface, stain from top to bottom so that no drips will show up in the finished product.
Step 17: After 24 hours, apply a second coat of sealant.
The stone will be ready for a second coat once the first coat has dried.Move the paintbrush in long, horizontal brushstrokes to maximize coverage over the stained stone as you did with the first coat.The double layers of sealant will make sure that the stain doesn’t get damaged by rain or snow, spills or accidents, or if it’s indoors.
Step 18: The stone should be dry for at least 24 hours.
If the stone is indoors, you shouldn’t touch it or put objects on it for a full day.If the stonework is outdoors, don’t touch or walk on it.If you are expecting precipitation, cover the sealed stone with a large tarp to prevent it from getting wet.Once the stonework has dried for a full 24 hours, it can be touched and used as usual.