Peonies are plants.

Peonies are a great flower for gardeners who don’t like to replant their gardens in the spring.The plants can bloom for decades without interruption or for more than a century.You will be able to enjoy peonies with minimal care for many years if you plant them in a well-draining soil.

Step 1: Plant in autumn.

The best time to plant peonies is in autumn.Peonies can be planted in the spring, but they may not bloom for a year or two.

Step 2: A location that gets six to eight hours of sunlight a day is a good choice.

Peopel can still grow in areas with less sunlight if this is available.Peonies grow best in USDA Hardiness Zones 3 through 8 with a minimum winter temperature of -40 to +15oF.peonies may benefit from full sunlight in the morning if you are in Zone 8 or higher.

Step 3: The peonies are three feet apart.

The peonies should be kept three feet apart.They are often used in flower beds, but keep them away from trees and bushes, as they can compete with peonies for nutrition.It is important to keep peonies apart and clear weeds to allow for air circulation.Four feet of space between them will make a difference.You can see the planting peonies section if you don’t know what type of peonies you have.

Step 4: Places where peonies were planted should be avoided.

Peonies may have problems if planted in areas where other peonies were previously grown.The advice in the planting section below may compensate for this effect if it is due to reduced soil nutrients.It’s a good idea to plant at your own risk since there may be a chance of a surviving fungal infection.

Step 5: Shelter from strong winds can be provided.

This is a concern for tree peonies, which grow into small shrubs that can snap in the wind.If you live in an area with strong winds, you should plant any variety of peonies in the shelter of a wall or fence.A large tree can provide shelter, but should be at least 10 feet away from the peony.

Step 6: Do you know your peony type?

There are two types of peonies: tree peonies and herbaceous peonies.Perennial peonies grow into herb-like, green-stemmed flowers and are typically sold as root clumps.The tree peonies have wooden stems attached to the root clump.The tree peonies have a ridged bulge on the root with a different bark texture, where one variety has been grafted onto another to combine the best qualities of each.If you follow the instructions, you should plant peonies at a depth of 2 inches (5 cm).The tree peonies grow best when they are planted at a depth of 4–6 inches (10–15 cm) with at least a tip of the top stem above the soil.

Step 7: If your soil needs to be enriched, dig a hole that’s deep and wide.

If your flowerbed is already full of rich soil to the depth of this hole, you don’t need to plant peonies this deep.There is a wide hole.It’s recommended for the same reason.At least 18 in. is required if your soil is rich.Go to the step “Plant the peony clump” below.

Step 8: Add rich soil to the bottom.

2–4 inches of dark compost, well-aged manure, or pine bark can be added to the hole.If your soil is slow-draining or poor in nutrition, make a mix of organic material and garden soil and keep it to one side to fill the hole later.To test soil drainage, dig a small hole and fill it with water.Wait until the hole is filled a second time.If you measure after fifteen minutes, you can find the hourly drainage.The peonies’ well-draining soil should drain between 1 and 6 inches per hour.

Step 9: Addingfertilizer and other soil additions is optional.

You can add 14 cup (60 mL) balanced (10-10-10) to the bottom of the hole to speed up the growth.Some gardeners mix in bone meal or superphosphate for additional nutrition.If your soil is acidic, add some lime to balance it out.

Step 10: Most of the hole needs to be filled with rich soil.

Now that the extra-rich soil for the peonies’ future roots has been prepared, fill most of the hole with well-draining, organic soil and leave a few inches of space at the top.If you fill the bottom of the hole with compost, you can mix it with ordinary garden soil and use it for this purpose.Press the soil with your shovel as you fill it.

Step 11: The peonies have buds that are 2 in.From the surface.

.The peonies should be placed in the hole with the small buds pointing upward and the long roots pointing downward.The buds should not be more than 2 in.The plant may fail to emerge from the surface.Continue adding soil around the peony until the soil is level and then gently remove air pockets that can dry the plant out.In warm climates, early-blooming varieties may grow better if planted only 1 in.They can emerge early in the growing season if they are 2.5 cm deep.

Step 12: The tree peonies are 4–6 in.Below the surface is 10–15 cm.

.The tree peonies are sold with a stem on the roots.The peonies should be planted on the ridged bulge where the stem and roots have been joined together.The soil is 10–15 cm below the surface.

Step 13: Water thoroughly.

To help the soil settle around the newly planted tubers, give them a thorough watering.The soil should be moist until the first frost or the plants emerge.

Step 14: Only during winter.

Two to four in.The peonies can be protected from winter frosts with a plastic mulch covering.The peonies may fail to break through this additional barrier if the mulch is not removed after the last frost in spring.You don’t need to water during the winter.

Step 15: It’s a good idea to water lightly.

Peonies only need about an inch of water a week during the summer.If the peonies are dry and withered, increase the watering.

Step 16: Don’tFertilize too much.

You can apply a low nitrogenfertilizer, such as a 5-10-10 mix or organic compost material, no more than once every few years.Apply this in a circle around the peonies, but not directly at the base of the plant.Different guides give different information on fertilization.If you give peonies a conservative instruction, they will grow fine without the use offertilizer and can develop weak stems and fewer flowers.If the stems are too weak to hold up the flowers, consider a gardener’s tripod with a metal ring.

Step 17: If necessary, support the peonies.

Plants with large flowers will benefit from caging.A three legged wire cage or a grid-like wire support will work well.The support should be created in the spring.

Step 18: There are ants on the peonies.

peony flowers are often eaten by ants, but this rarely causes harm to the plant.Peonies are resistant to most pests, but if you see an outbreak of other insects or fungus, you should seek advice from a local gardener.The majority of peony diseases are caused by moist conditions.

Step 19: Dead flowers should be removed.

Cut off dead flowers as soon as possible.If you leave them on the plant, the seeds will grow and take a lot of plant resources.The deadheading will allow for a longer bloom.

Step 20: In autumn, remove the leaves from the tree peonies.

If your peonies have grown into a shrub, they are tree peonies.The leaves should be removed in autumn as the weather gets cold.New flowers will grow from the bare wooden stems next year.If there are holes in the bare stems, this may be a sign of pests.If you’re familiar with local pest control, contact a gardener.

Step 21: Cut peonies to ground level.

The roots of peonies will survive for many years, but the flowers will die in the spring.At the end of spring, cut the stems of the peonies back to ground level.You can wait until the first heavy frost to do this.If you dispose of your dead peonies in the compost heap, they may carry diseases that can spread to other plants.Either burn them or throw them away.