Everyone has their own way of doing things and sometimes this can interfere with the way others do things.Most of us are able to compromise when working with friends or in the workplace.Sometimes you can’t understand why someone you know is unable to change or compromise.It is possible that this person has an obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.Only a trained mental health professional can diagnose OCPD, but you can learn to recognize some of its characteristics.
Step 1: There is an emphasis on efficiency, perfectionism, and rigidity.
People with OCPD are very strict.They are too focused on processes, procedures and rules.They spend a lot of time and energy in planning, but they may not be able to accomplish tasks because of their perfectionism.People with OCPD have an eye for detail and their need to be perfect in each and every aspect pushes them to control every facet of their environment.Despite resistance, they can micromanage people.They believe that rules, processes and procedures are meant to be followed and any deviation from them would result in imperfect work.This behavior is in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition.
Step 2: The person makes decisions and completes tasks.
People with OCPD have indecisiveness and an inability to complete tasks.A person with OCPD has a strong urge to exercise caution when trying to decide what to do.Regardless of relevance to the decisions at hand, S/he will research the most minute of the details.People with OCPD don’t like risk-taking or impulsivity.Difficulty with decisions and tasks is not limited to very small things.No matter how minor the proposition, precious time is lost in weighing the pros and cons.The emphasis on perfection causes people with OCPD to perform tasks repetitively, for example, a person might proofread a document 30 times and fail to get it in on time.The person’s high standards can cause problems in the workplace.This behavior is in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition.
Step 3: The person interacts in social situations.
People with OCPD can be seen as cold orheartless because of their focus on productivity and perfection, and the exclusion of things like social and romantic relationships.When a person with OCPD does go on a social outing, they will generally not appear to enjoy it, instead worrying about how it could be done better or that they are wasting time.A person with OCPD might become frustrated by the house rules in Monopoly because they are not the official rules.A person might refuse to play, criticize others, or seek ways to improve it.This behavior is in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition.
Step 4: The person has a sense of morality and ethics.
An individual with OCPD is very concerned about morals, ethics and what is right and wrong.S/he is excessively concerned about doing the right thing and has very rigid definitions of what that means, with no room for error.He is constantly worried about the rules he might have broken.S/he is deferential to authority and will comply with all rules even if they are insignificant.People with OCPD think about morality and values in a different way.If a person from a different culture has a sense of morality that is different from their own, it is unlikely that they will be accepted by someone with OCPD.People with OCPD can be very harsh on themselves.Minor mistakes may be seen as moral failures.There are nouating circumstances for people with OCPD.This behavior is in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition.
Step 5: It’s a good idea to look for hoarding behavior.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder can affect people with obsessive-compulsive disorder.A person with OCPD may not dispose of items that are useless.You never know when this might come in handy, so S/he may keep things like old food, receipts, plastic spoons, and dead batteries.It stays if the person can imagine that it might be useful.Any attempts by others to disturb the collection of obsessives is very upsetting to them.They are surprised by the inability of others to understand the benefits of hoarding.It is not the same as collecting.They don’t experience anxiety about getting rid of worn-out, useless, or unneeded items because they get enjoyment and pleasure out of the things they collect.Even if a broken iPod is no longer functioning, some people feel anxious about throwing it away.This behavior is in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition.
Step 6: Look for trouble giving responsibility to someone else.
People with OCPD are often seen as control freaks because they find it hard to delegate responsibility for a task to others.They will often give an extensive list of instructions on how to perform simple tasks like loading the dishwasher if they delegate tasks.Even if the other technique is effective or makes no difference to the final result, people with OCPD will often criticize others who are doing a task in a way other than they themselves would do it.They don’t like to have others suggest different ways of doing things, and may be angry if this happens.This behavior is in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition.
Step 7: Look at the person’s spending habits.
People with OCPD have a hard time getting rid of useless things and are always saving for a rainy day.They may live below their means in an attempt to save money.They can’t give money to someone in need.They will try to stop others from spending money of their own.This behavior is in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition.
Step 8: The person is stubborn.
People with OCPD are very stubborn and inflexible.They can’t take people questioning their intentions, actions, behaviors, ideas and beliefs.They are always on the right side and there is no alternative to what they do.The person who fails to submit to their dominance is not responsible.Close friends and family don’t like interacting with the person because of their stubbornness.An individual with OCPD won’t accept suggestions from loved ones.This behavior is in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition.
Step 9: Look for movement.
Even in situations where most other people wouldn’t consider such behavior inappropriate, people with OCPD still impose their ideas and views on others.The idea that this kind of attitude and behavior could upset people will not happen to them, nor will it stop them from doing what they want to do.A person with OCPD isn’t likely to feel guilty crossing the boundaries even if it means monitoring, controlling, and interfering into other people’s lives so that there is order in everything.If other people don’t follow their directions, they get upset, angry and depressed.If people aren’t aligned with them in their effort to bring everything under control and make everything perfect, they may become angry or frustrated.
Step 10: Look for a work-life balance.
People with OCPD spend a lot of their waking hours at work.They don’t have much time for leisure.Their leisure time is spent trying to improve things.The person may not have many friends.If a person with OCPD tries to spend his/her leisure time on a hobby, such as painting or tennis, he or she will not do it for the fun of it.He is constantly trying to master the art or the game.Family members will be expected to set out on a pursuit to excel rather than having fun.The people around them are frightened by this interference.This can cause damage to relationships.
Step 11: The person shows emotion to others.
Emotions are a waste of time for most people with OCPD.They are very secretive when it comes to expressing their feelings.This reticence is also due to a worry that any expression of emotion must be perfect; a person with OCPD will wait for an extremely long time to say anything to do with feelings in order to make sure that it is just right.They may try to shake hands when the other person goes in for a hug, or use overly stiff language in an effort to be correct.
Step 12: The person responds to others’ emotions.
People with OCPD have trouble expressing emotion and have difficulty with its presence in others.People with OCPD may be uncomfortable in a situation where people are emotional.Most people would consider greeting a friend whom they haven’t seen in awhile to be an exciting, emotional experience.A person with OCPD might not smile or offer a hug.They may feel like they are above emotions and look down on people who are not.
Step 13: The person has a work schedule.
It is a Herculean task to impress people with their work.The definition of a workaholic is someone who makes things difficult for others at work.People with OCPD put in long hours at work because they see themselves as loyal and responsible workers.All other employees in the company are expected to follow suit because this is a usual practice for them.People with OCPD put in long hours at work but are not good role models.They can’t set a good precedent for people working under them.They are more focused on work and less on relationships.They don’t have a balance between tasks and relationship.They don’t encourage people to follow their directions.Some cultures place a high value on working long hours or spending most of one’s time at work.This isn’t the same as OCPD.There is a willingness to work for individuals with OCPD.
Step 14: Look at interactions with others.
People with OCPD are inflexible and stubborn in how they approach situations.They don’t allow room for personal space or boundaries because they are involved in the personal lives of their coworkers.They assume that everyone behaves the same at work.A manager with OCPD might deny an employee’s request for personal leave because he wouldn’t take leave for the reason given.It is possible that the employee’s first loyalty should be to the company.People with OCPD don’t think that something could be wrong with them.If they see themselves as the epitome of order and perfect, then it’s because they don’t believe in working for the welfare of the organization.
Step 15: Look for signs of interference.
Some people feel that others don’t know how to do things in a better way.The only way to do things is theirs.Collaboration and cooperation are not appreciated.A person with OCPD is likely to be a micromanager or a terrible team player, as they will try to force everyone to do things their way.A person with OCPD doesn’t like letting others do the job their way if they make mistakes.S/he will micromanage others if he must delegate.The message that his/her attitude and behavior convey is that he doesn’t have confidence in others and his abilities.
Step 16: You should look for missed deadlines.
People with OCPD often get caught up in the pursuit of perfection and miss deadlines.They have a hard time with time management because of their obsessive attention to detail.Over a period of time their nature, fixations and attitude gives rise to conflicts which push them into isolation as more people express their displeasure at working with them.Their attitude and perception of themselves can make things difficult at work.When the support system is lost, they are even more determined to prove that there is no alternative to how they do things.This can further hurt them.
Step 17: Look for a mental health professional.
A mental health professional can diagnose and treat people with OCPD.Treatment for OCPD is more effective than it is for other personality disorders.Most family doctors and general practitioners don’t have the training to recognize OCPD, so an appropriate mental health professional would be a psychologist or psychiatrist.
Step 18: You can participate in therapy.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is considered to be a highly effective treatment for people with OCPD.A trained mental health professional will teach the person how to recognize and change ways of thinking and behaving.
Step 19: Discuss your medication with your doctor.
Therapy is usually enough to treat OCPD.In some cases, your doctor or Psychiatrist may recommend a medication such as Prozac.
Step 20: Find out what OCPD is.
Depending on where you live in the world, OCPD is also called anankastic personality disorder.It is a personality disorder according to the name.There are ongoing maladaptive patterns of thinking, behaviours and experiences that affect much of the person’s life.There is a preoccupation with the need for power and control over one’s own environment.The symptoms must involve a pattern of preoccupation with orderliness.Control must come at the expense of efficiency, openness and flexibility as there is a strong level of rigidity in one’s beliefs that can interfere with the ability to complete tasks.
Step 21: There is a difference between Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and OCPD.
Although it shares some of the same symptoms, obsessive compulsive disorder is a completely different diagnosis.An obsession is the idea that the individual’s thoughts and feelings are completely dominated by.It could be security, for example, that has meaning to the individual.A compulsion involves performing an action repeatedly and persistently.These acts are often performed to make the obsessions go away, such as repeatedly washing one’s hands due to an obsession with cleanliness or a person may break in if this doesn’t happen.Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder with intrusive obsessions that must be addressed through acting out.People who suffer from OCD feel like they can’t avoid their irrational obsessions.People with a personality disorder often don’t realize their thoughts or need for inflexible control of all areas of their lives are irrational or problematic.
Step 22: Refer to the diagnostic criteria for OCPD.
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the patient needs to have at least four of the following symptoms in order to be diagnosed with OCPD.
Step 23: There are anankastic personality disorder criteria.
The patient needs to satisfy the general diagnostic criteria for a personality disorder and have three of the following symptoms in order to be diagnosed with anankastic personality disorders.
Step 24: Know some of the risk factors.
According to the DSM-V, between 2% and 7.9% of the general population suffer from OCPD.It appears to run in families and may have a genetic component.Men are more likely to have it than women.Children who grew up in homes that were rigid may be more likely to develop OCPD.Children who grew up with parents who were too strict may be more likely to develop OCPD.70% of people suffer from depression.25% to 50% of people with ocd also have it.