Good writing and good written communication can be traced back to a well- written sentence.There are a number of rules and types of sentences that a writer needs to be aware of in order to excel at writing.You will become a great writer if you understand the basics of sentence writing.
Step 1: It is important that your sentence expresses a complete thought.
A sentence is a group of words that express a complete idea.When writing, it is a good idea to ask yourself if the sentence makes sense.Does it convey a complete idea?”Eggs near river” is not a sentence because it doesn’t express a complete idea.”I ate eggs near a river yesterday” is a sentence because it has a clear, complete meaning.”Because I ate eggs” is incomplete and there is no effect on the reader.”Because I ate eggs near a river, I got wet” is a sentence because it completes the cause-and-effect.
Step 2: Correct punctuation is used.
The English language has a capital letter and a punctuation mark.Period is included in proper terminal (end) punctuation.There is a question mark.Or an exclamation mark?Punctuation marks tell the reader when your sentence is done, as well as the tone of voice they should use.A question mark indicates confusion or questioning, whereas an exclamation mark shows surprise.
Step 3: The subject and the verbs should be included.
A subject is something that is being discussed in the sentence.The action word is what the subject is doing.The subject of the sentence is “I ate eggs”.
Step 4: A simple sentence is defined.
The most basic sentence is the simple one.A subject, a verb and a complete thought are included.An independent clause is one that can stand on its own.”Janet writes.” is an example.The subject is “Janet”.The person being discussed is her.”Writes” is what it means.The subject is doing something.The subject can be a person, place, thing, or idea.
Step 5: Simple sentences can be more informative.
Simple sentences can be used to add more information.Janet writes romance novels.The object of the phrase “romance novels” is that they are what Janet writes.Simple sentences can have compound subjects.”Janet and Sujata write romance novels.”Since there are two people doing the action, “Janet and Sujata” is a compound subject here.”Janet writes and publishes romance novels.”This is a compound word because Janet is doing two things.
Step 6: Write a simple sentence.
Begin your sentence with the subject.Do you know what the sentence is going to be about?Pick your word next.Think about what the subject of your sentence is.Is the subject walking, running, reading, sitting, cooking, or something else?
Step 7: Pay attention to the subject and the word.
Make sure the two words agree in number when choosing your subject.The rule is that a singular subject and a plurality of subjects need the same thing.The singular subject is “My son is a doctor”.The subject is “My sons are doctors”.
Step 8: A compound sentence is defined.
Two simple sentences make up a compound sentence.The two sentences are joined by a single word called coordinating conjunctions.There are seven coordinating conjunctions.Use the FANBOYS to remember.There are some examples of compound sentences.The coordinating conjunction is used.He just passed his exam and he was happy.We could not see the end of the road.She was correct or incorrect.Sally supported her even though she would have fallen.Deon is either smart or lucky.I really wanted lamb, yet I am eating steak.Jack changed his clothes because he was wet.
Step 9: It is possible to write a compound sentence.
The same way you did when writing a simple sentence, begin by choosing a subject and a verb for the first part of the sentence.Pick the coordinating conjunction based on the meaning of the sentence.The second part of the compound sentence is related to a related subject.You can either use “and” to express a continuing thought or “but” as part of an explanation.There are a lot of possibilities.
Step 10: When writing a compound sentence, pay attention to meaning.
The meaning of the sentence can be greatly expanded by writing compound sentences.The second part of the sentence should be used to elaborate upon the thought expressed in the first part.Those that use “and” should be careful not to use too many compound sentences.They don’t always indicate a clear relationship.
Step 11: A complex sentence is defined.
A dependent clause is a part of a complex sentence.A dependent clause is a group of words that do not express a complete thought by themselves.A dependent clause is not a simple sentence by itself.Subordinating conjunctions are words that indicate the beginning of a dependent clause.Subordinating conjunctions are as follows: after, although, as if, because, before, even though, if in order to, since, unless, until, whatever, when, whenever, whether, and while.”Because Yao shares his books”, “Before eating my breakfast” and “until I have more money” are examples of dependent clauses.
Step 12: The dependent clauses should be joined with a simple sentence.
The above examples of dependent clauses do not express a complete thought.To express a complete thought, the dependent clause needs to be joined with a simple sentence.Here are a few examples.He is kind because he shares his books.He is kind because he shares his books.I have to walk my dog before I eat breakfast.I have to walk my dog before I eat breakfast.I won’t be able to buy an engagement ring until I have more money.I will not be able to buy an engagement ring until I have more money.
Step 13: Write a complex sentence.
When writing a complex sentence, you need to combine one simple sentence with a dependent clause.The dependent clause should be used to clarify what is happening in the simple sentence.
Step 14: Complex sentences are better for explaining your thoughts.
Complex sentences show a clear relationship between parts of the sentence.”before” tells readers that the dog needs to be walked prior to breakfast, and ” because” explains why Yao is kind.
Step 15: Periodic sentences can be created.
There are dependent and independent clauses in periodic sentences.If the independent clause comes first, you don’t give a comma before the dependent clause.If the dependent clause introduces a simple sentence, commas are used.The dependent clause builds up to the meaning or complete thought at the end of a periodic sentence.I realized I would be late for class as I sat waiting in traffic.
Step 16: You can watch for sentence fragments.
When a dependent clause is made to stand on its own, sentence fragments happen.If a sentence doesn’t have a subject or a verbs, they can happen.”Although I was late to the party.”A subordinating conjunction is a clause that cannot stand on its own.There’s meaning that isn’t explained in this fragment, which is why it is a fragment.I want to hit something with my car.It’s technically a fragment because it doesn’t have a subject (who did the hitting).Correct it as “I hit something with my car”
Step 17: Run-ons should not be avoided.
When you include more than one independent clause in your sentence, it’s called run-on or fused.I went to the store and bought bread and milk.I went to the store to get bread and milk and each of them expresses a clear, complete idea.There are a few ways to fix run-ons.I went to the store; I got bread and milk can be broken up into separate sentences.The relationship between clauses is shown in the semi-colon.I got bread and milk at the store.The conjunction shows less of a close relationship than the semi-colon, but it shows that they’re connected ideas.I went to the store.I had bread and milk.The full break shows that the ideas aren’t all related.
Step 18: You should keep an eye on comma splices.
Comma splices are related to run-on sentences.Major errors are considered by teachers to be Comma splices.”I sent a text to my friend but she didn’t reply.”Both of these are independent clauses because they express a complete thought.You can fix a run-on sentence with a semi-colon: “I texted my friend, but she didn’t reply.”I sent a text to my friend, but she didn’t reply.I sent a text to my friend.She didn’t reply.
Step 19: Stay on the same path.
It can be difficult to keep track of the nouns or verbs in a complex sentence.If you don’t maintain parallel structure, your sentences become difficult to read and lose a lot of their impact.There is no parallel structure for this sentence: “I enjoy fishing, swimming, and hike.”Don’t use different forms of “I enjoy fishing, swimming, and hiking.”If you have a lot of clauses in your sentence, this can be a problem.My teacher told me not to email her the night before and that I should submit my essay on time.”My teacher told me to submit my essay on time, that I should proofread it carefully before turning it in, and that she should not email me the night before.”
Step 20: Your sentence structure can be changed.
A common mistake beginning writers make is to write all their sentences in the same basic structure.Your writing will read better if you vary your sentences.I saw a zombie.I began to run.I fell over a rock.I got up again.I continued to run.All of the sentences start with the same subject.I saw a zombie and started to run, but I tripped over a rock.I picked myself up and kept running.