How To Treat Respiratory Problems in Guinea Pigs

Respiratory problems, such as colds and pneumonia, are common in guinea pigs.A cough or sneeze can make a guinea pig very sick in a matter of days.If your guinea pig has a respiratory problem, early treatment by your vet will give him the best chance of recovery.

Step 1: Determine if your pig is having trouble breathing.

The breathing of your guinea pig will be easy when he is healthy.Respiratory problems can make it hard for him to breathe.There is a chance that your guinea pig will start wheezing.You can hear clicking or rattling noises when he breathes.

Step 2: Look at your pig.

A respiratory problem can cause the eyes and nose to discharge.If the discharge is green or yellow, your pig could have a respiratory problem.If you have a respiratory infection, it could cause your guinea pig’s eyelid to become red.Allergies can make your guinea pig’s nose red and sore from a lot of itching and scratching.

Step 3: Take note of the animal’s appetite.

A respiratory problem can make your pig feel sick and not want to eat.He might eat less or not at all.You should observe how much he eats when you feed him.A reduced appetite will help your pig lose weight.There is a possibility that a lack of vitamin C is the cause of respiratory problems.If your guinea pig isn’t eating much because he’s sick, he may not be getting enough vitamins, which could make him feel worse.

Step 4: Your vet can diagnose your pig.

Your vet will need to determine the exact cause of the illness and how serious it is, even if the symptoms of a respiratory problem are obvious.They will perform a physical exam that will include listening to your guinea pig’s lungs.Your vet will take samples from the nose, eyes, and mouth to identify the specific germs that cause the respiratory infections.Your vet can use chest x-rays to diagnose your guinea pig’s respiratory problem.x-rays can show if your pig has pneumonia.The roots of the cheek teeth are so close to the nose that dental disease can cause respiratory problems.Skull x-rays are used to see the extent of dental disease in animals.

Step 5: Don’t wait to treat your pig.

If your pig has a respiratory problem, it could make him sick.If he has a cold, it could quickly progress to pneumonia, which may be difficult for him to recover from.He has a better chance of a good recovery if you treat him sooner.

Step 6: If necessary, hospitalize your pig.

Your vet will want to hospitalize your guinea pig if he is very sick.Extra oxygen is one of the in-hospital treatments.Your vet will want to keep your guinea pig in the hospital until he is stable enough for at- home care.Your vet may humidify the oxygen your guinea pig is receiving if it has breathing troubles.If your guinea pig is very weak, your vet may give him an oral or injection of vitamins.Injectable drugs work faster than oral drugs.

Step 7: Your vet can correct your pet’s dental problems.

If dental disease caused your guinea pig’s respiratory problems, your vet will need to treat it at the hospital.Your vet will need to anesthetize him and use specialized dental tools.Your vet may prescribe a pain medication after surgery.

Step 8: Give your pet antibiotics.

The primary causes of respiratory infections in guinea pigs are Bordetella bronchiseptica and Streptococcus pneumoniae.Diagnostic test results will be used by your vet to choose which antibiotic to use.Carefully follow the instructions of your vet.If the antibiotic comes in liquid form, you can use a medicine dropper to put the number of drops into the corner of your pig’s mouth.You could place the drops on his food if he resists.If you can’t give your pig the antibiotics, contact your vet.

Step 9: Take care of your guinea pig.

Some antibiotics can cause a disease in guinea pigs.Don’t give your guinea pig antibiotics until your vet tells you it’s time to stop.A different antibiotic is likely to be used to treat your guinea pig.

Step 10: Clean.

If your guinea pig is treated for a respiratory problem, you won’t want him to get another one.One of the best ways to prevent respiratory problems is to keep his cage clean.His cage needs to be cleaned twice a week.If you want to give your guinea pig’s cage a thorough cleaning, remove all cage accessories and discard the bedding.The cage should be washed with hot, soapy water.Allow the cage to dry completely.Food, feces, and dirty bedding can be removed each day.

Step 11: Proper bedding can be found in the guinea pig’s cage.

Respiratory infections in guinea pigs can be prevented with proper bedding.Dust-free bedding won’t hurt your pig’s nose.CareFRESH® and fleece are dust-free beddings.You can use cedar or pine.There are oils that can be very harmful to a pig’s respiratory tract.If the bedding becomes wet or dirty, replace it.Your guinea pig’s chances of getting sick can be increased if the bedding becomes moldy.

Step 12: The guinea pig’s cage needs to be wellventilated.

Adequate air circulation is important in preventing respiratory problems.A wire cage has more air flow than a solid glass cage.It’s a good idea to make sure the cage isn’t in the path of a vent or draft.

Step 13: Do not put too many animals in your cage.

If you have more than one guinea pig, they should be housed in a large cage.guinea pigs can develop respiratory infections if the cage is too small.The stress would make them susceptible to infections.If you have 2 guinea pigs, their cage should be at least 30 inches by 50 inches.

Step 14: Do not have rabbits and guinea pigs in the same house.

Rabbits can carry Bordatella in their bodies.A rabbit can bully a guinea pig if it can’t find a safe place to go.If you want to prevent a respiratory infection, house your rabbits and guinea pigs in different cages.A weakened immune system can be caused by stress from being bullied.

Step 15: Adding vitamins C to your pig’s diet is recommended.

Adequate amounts of vitamin C are needed to prevent respiratory problems in guinea pigs.The pigs can’t produce vitamin C in their bodies, so they have to get it from food.Broccoli, parsley, green peppers, and mustard greens are some of the vitamins C-rich foods.There are also vitamins C and D in supplements.Before giving your pig a supplement, talk to your vet.The guinea pig should get 50 percent of its daily requirement of vitamins C and E.Your vet can help you make sure your pig gets enough vitamins.