It takes time, commitment, and patience to train a Bernese Mountain dog.It is important to give your dog proper training from puppyhood to make sure he is a good citizen and a pleasure to be around.Before you buy a Bernese Mountain Dog, you need to make sure you have time to care for him and train him.Your job is to train your puppy or dog to understand you and your directions.
Step 1: Don’t be impatient.
If a puppy disobeys you, never hit or yell at her.The Bernese Mountain Dog is a very obedient dog but it will take some time to train.Don’t hit it because it will make the puppy fear you and confuse her.If you are in the middle of a training session and she does not understand, don’t scold her.The puppy or dog is only learning.If you find that you are losing patience, you should step away from the dog.Bernese Mountain Dogs are very affectionate and want to please their owner.Positive reinforcement is more important than punishment.
Step 2: Good behavior should be rewarded.
This could be a small treat or praise for the dog.The dog is more likely to reproduce good behavior if he knows he gets a treat and bad behavior is ignored.If you catch your dog chewing something he shouldn’t, you can distract him with something it can destroy or chew on, like a toy.Praise him for chewing on the toy.There are two ways to keep a bag of treats in your pocket or waist.You will always have a treat.You never know when you will get a chance to train.
Step 3: Training sessions should be kept short.
During the first few weeks of training, a puppy’s attention span is usually less than five minutes.As your puppy gets older, the training time can be increased.The dog’s attention span increases when the puppy focuses more on training sessions than on playing.
Step 4: Your dog needs to be trained immediately.
When your puppy arrives home, you can teach her commands.Practice three to five times a day and keep training sessions short.A variety of commands should be learned by your Bernese Mountain Dog.If you want to limit bad behavior, start with leashiquette and more specific commands.
Step 5: The dog should be taught to stop bad behavior.
When you want your dog to stop doing something, you need to teach him a command.”Stop” or ” leave it” are common commands, so make sure that you are consistent and that everyone in the household uses the same command.When you see your dog doing something you don’t want them to do, first give the command and then take the item or move the dog away from it.If you give the command first, then do the corrective action, you will give your dog the chance to do what you want when he hears you say leave it.
Step 6: Your dog needs to be trained to stop chewing.
Puppies mouth everything in sight.While these are natural behaviors for a puppy, you don’t want her to think it’s okay to bite people or chew on shoes.Unless you teach your dog how to chew, she won’t know.Trash, books, shoes, remote controls, glasses, dirty underwear, and anything you don’t want your puppy to destroy up and out of her reach should be kept.If you want your dog to play with and chew on the toys you give her, make sure they are not indistinguishable from household items.If your puppy is gentle, allow it to mouth you.If you get a hard bite from your puppy, give a high-pitched yelp as though she’s hurt you, and let your hand go limp.When your dog stops biting, you should praise her.Continue these steps if she bites you again.In 15 minutes, do this no more than three times.If your dog wants to chew on fingers, give her a chew toy.If you find your puppy chewing on something she shouldn’t be, take it away and give her a toy to chew on.Leave the item and give her a toy to chew on.Don’t punish your dog after the fact.If you find an item that your dog destroyed while you were away, don’t yell at her and wave it in her face.She will not get the connection that you are angry about something she did two hours ago because this won’t teach her not to chew.Unless you catch her, don’t scold your dog.
Step 7: The dog should be taught to sit.
The majority of dogs can learn this command quickly.When you see that your dog is sitting on his own, say “sit” clearly and in a firm voice.Praise him, pet him and give him a treat when his butt touches the ground.Do this when your dog is about to sit.You can stand in front of your dog with a treat in your hand.Hold the treat above your dog’s nose and then move it backwards over his head.He should sit down and follow the treat with his nose.As soon as his butt hits the floor, praise him and give him a treat.Just before you begin to lead your dog’s nose back with the treat, say “sit” when he has the motion down.
Step 8: Don’t let your dog jump on people.
Puppies jump to your attention.When your Bernese is little, she may be cute, but she can grow into a huge dog and scare people if she jumps.She should be taught not to jump when she is a puppy.This can help you teach your dog not to jump a lot.She is likely to jump in a situation in which you should reward her with your attention.When you see your dog jumping up on you, turn your body away, avoid eye contact, and say nothing.When she jumps on you, she gets no reward or attention.Praise her with lots of petting, attention, and scratching when she stops jumping and calms down.
Step 9: To lay down, train your dog.
The “down” command can be taught to your Bernese if you know how to sit.Put the treat in front of your dog’s nose.You can praise him as he moves toward the down position if he lowers the treat to the ground.Reward him with a treat when he touches the ground and lays down.Add the verbal command when he is familiar with the movement.Common commands are “down,” “lay,” or “drop.”Say it and you will bring the treat down.With practice, your dog will associate the action with the word “down.”
Step 10: The dog should be taught to stay.
This can be hard to train as your dog will want to follow you.Once your dog learns to sit and lay down, teach this command to her.Try to teach your dog to stay when she is calm, in a familiar environment, and with few distraction.It will be difficult for her to stay in the beginning, so keep these sessions short.Ask your dog to sit or lay down in front of you.Reward her with a treat if she stays in the position for a few seconds.She may do something else after being released from the position.Wait a few seconds longer before rewarding your dog.Say “ah-ah!” if she breaks the stay before you release her.Start over.The verbal command should be added.Put one hand out like a stop sign when your dog is sitting or laying down.Wait a few seconds, then give her a treat.Gradually increase the length of the stay.Don’t make these training sessions too long or your dog will get frustrated.You will need to complicate things a bit more when your dog is grasping stay.If you want her to stay in position even when you are out of sight, you should take a few steps back from her.She doesn’t get the treat if she breaks the stay.When you tell your dog to sit or stay, she should remain in that position until you let her go.
Step 11: The dog should come when called.
The stay command is important for your dog’s safety because it can stop him from going into a busy street or dangerous situation.In an unfenced area, never let your dog off the leash until he knows the “come” and “stay” commands.If you want to practice this command, leash your dog and have some treats with you.Holding the end of the leash, say “come” and then take a few steps backwards.Continue to back up.Say “Yes!” and give him a treat.It is possible to practice this off-leash.Call your dog and reward him greatly when he comes to you.If your dog comes to you, never punish him.This could mean giving him a bath or shouting at him for not coming when you called, or just ending his fun by snapping his leash back on every single time he obeys.Your dog knows that coming to you when you call is more appealing than running across the street to say hello to the neighbor.Your dog needs to understand that you need to call him.When you are training, don’t put him in a situation in which he will not obey you and try the come command.
Step 12: Your dog should be comfortable with her leash and collar.
A big dog like a Bernese could easily drag you down the street if she isn’t trained.Allow her to get comfortable with her collar.When she’s playing or eating food, put it on.Do not allow her to remove the collar if she attempts to scratch it off.Don’t remove the collar until she forgets about it.Once your Bernese is used to wearing her collar, clip on a leash.She can sniff it if she drags it around the house under your supervision.
Step 13: You should teach your dog to walk with a leash.
Once your dog is comfortable with his collar and leash, walk around the house with him.Give lots of praise, pats, and treats if he walks beside you and lets the leash be loose or slack.Stop in your tracks if he pulls.Allow him to come back to you if you want to pull him back.Praise him and walk again when the leash is loose again.If you allow your puppy to pull you on the leash, it will teach him that this is acceptable.Pulling and straining will get him nowhere if he stops the walk.He must not pull if he wants to walk.If your puppy sits down, don’t pull on the leash to get him moving.When he arrives, offer him treats and rewards.
Step 14: Immediately begin potty training.
When your Bernese Mountain Dog sets foot in your house, it’s time for potty training.He should be allowed to sniff around the yard until he goes to the bathroom.When the dog does urinate or defecate, give him lots of praise so he associates going to the bathroom outside with being praised.
Step 15: It’s a good idea to set a routine.
It’s a good idea to take your puppy outside on a regular basis.Puppies need to go to the bathroom frequently.Taking the dog outside on a regular basis will give her the chance to go to the bathroom when she needs to, because they will not always give you a clear sign that they need to relieve themselves.If you can set a routine, your dog will get used to it and she will go to the bathroom like clockwork.
Step 16: Give your dog a spot to go to the bathroom.
He should go to the bathroom in one spot every time.If the dog has one spot that is his own, he needs to go to the bathroom outside.
Step 17: The dog should be watched closely.
When you have a puppy in your house, watch out for signs that she needs to go to the bathroom.She needs to go outside to pee.When you rush your puppy outside, let her go to the bathroom.As soon as she relieves herself, lavish her with praise.
Step 18: Don’t punish a dog for accidents.
If you fail to catch the dog’s signal and he goes to the bathroom in the wrong place, don’t scold or hit him, he will not make you angry.Clean up the mess and try again.The dog will be scared and secretive when he goes to the bathroom.In places that are hard to see, your dog will go to the bathroom.
Step 19: Put the dog in a secluded area.
If you can’t be with your puppy or she’s out of sight, you’ll need to confine her to a small space with an easily cleaned floor.One of the best ways to potty train a dog is through a crate or kennel.When the puppy needs a break from life in general, it also gives her a safe retreat.
Step 20: There is a crate for your dog.
You will need to purchase a crate that will fit your dog as an adult.You will need a large crate for the Bernese Mountain Dogs.A crate larger than 72″x36″ should be enough for your dog.If your Bernese can’t turn around in the crate, then you need to buy a bigger crate for him.
Step 21: Your dog has access to the crate at all times.
The goal is to make the crate a place the dog can go to when she needs a break.You can put the crate in the living room or kitchen with the door open.
Step 22: Gradually increase the time the puppy is in the crate.
The puppy should be encouraged to go into the crate on her own.For a few days, always leave the door open.The door should be closed after she goes in if she is comfortable inside the crate.If she is whining or pawing at the door, don’t let her out until she has been quiet for 10 minutes.The amount of time the puppy spends in the crate should be increased so that she can stay quiet for up to two hours.She can stay in the crate for up to four hours when she is older than four months.If your dog is under four months old, you should never leave her in a crate for more than two hours.The crate should never be used as punishment.The crate is meant to be your puppy’s safe haven, not where she goes when she is bad.
Step 23: Begin socializing early.
Dog socializing is learning to be a part of society in a healthy way.socializing in the first year of life is important for the Bernese Mountain Dogs, who are known to be a little shy.It is important for a giant breed of dog to have it.Introduce the dog to normal household noises and activity in a non-threatening manner.Don’t chase your puppy with a broom or vacuum.This will make it fear these things.
Step 24: Put your puppy in the world.
Take your puppy for car rides to get it used to riding in vehicles and to introduce them to street sights and sounds.Dog parks are a good way to interact with other dogs and humans.Puppies can be brought to these places after they have had their first two vaccines.If you are certain your puppy will get along with other dogs and humans, don’t let it go off leash.
Step 25: Enroll in a class.
One of the best ways to introduce a puppy to other puppies, humans, and normal sights and sounds is to take them to puppy training.These classes are held by community education, 4-H clubs, or pet shops and give the dogs and owners a safe place to learn together.You can find classes near you through your local newspaper or on-line.Any classes that are available can be found in your vet’s office.