# How To Teach Recognition of Numbers 11 to 20

You can begin to teach children numbers 11 to 20 once they are able to recognize numbers 1 through 10.Understanding these numbers requires more than simple counting and recognition; it requires an awareness of tens and units and a larger sense of how numbers work.Teaching these concepts can be difficult.To find ideas, scroll down to Step 1.

### Step 1: The numbers should be presented one at a time.

Children should be taught the numbers one at a time.If you are teaching the number 11, draw 11 flowers, 11 cars, or 11 happy faces, and include a visual image on the board.It may be helpful to include a ten frame with the appropriate number of units.See Part 2 for more on ten frames.

### Step 2: Children should be taught to count to 20.

Children can learn to count to 20 by repetition.It’s even easier to tackle the numbers just two at a time, first count to 12 then 14, and so on.Teaching children to count to 20 is not the same as teaching them to understand the number values.Counting needs to be accompanied by other lessons.

### Step 3: Write the numbers.

Children can count to 20 in the correct order if they know the individual numbers.They should say the numbers out loud for the best results.

### Step 4: A number line is created.

A number line marked at even intervals with the numbers from 0 to 20 may help children visualize the progression of numbers.

### Step 5: You should include objects.

Some children are able to learn numbers when they touch objects.Children can count out sticks, pencils, cubes, marbles and other small items.The number they reach when they stop counting is equivalent to the number of objects they have accumulated.

### Step 6: It should be physical.

Children can count their steps just by walking from one side of a room to the other, or have them jump up and down 20 times.There are games that work well for this purpose.Draw 10 squares on the ground and fill them with numbers from 1 to 10.When children hop forward and backward, count from 1 to 10 and from 11 to 20.

### Step 7: The numbers should be reinforced as often as possible.

To demonstrate number awareness, count to twenty every chance you get.The more children practice, the better their results will be.

### Step 8: Explain the basic concept of units.

Tell children that the numbers from 11 to 19 are made up of one ten and a number of additional units.Two whole tens make up the number 20.Children can see the concept by writing the number 11 and showing a ten and a single unit separated by a circle.

### Step 9: Introduce ten frames.

There are 10 empty fields in a ten frame.Coins or other small objects can be used to demonstrate this, and you can draw it on the board.Give each child two frames and 20 objects.They need to create the number 11: one full ten frame, and a second one with just one unit in it.The other numbers should be created by them.You can reverse the process by taking objects away.

### Step 10: Use dashes and dots.

Children can be represented with dashes for tens and dots for ones.The number 15 is made of one dash and five dots.

### Step 11: Draw a table.

A T is drawn on a piece of paper.The left and right columns represent tens and ones.Leave the left column blank and fill the right column with the numbers 1 to 10.Add representative numbers of objects, such as small cubes, to the ones column.Explain that you can represent a ten with either ten small cubes or one large stick.To create larger numbers, fill the tens column with sticks, one by one, and explain how these numbers would work together.

### Step 12: You can make memory games with numbered cards.

To play a memory matching game, use sets of cards labeled with numbers from 1 to 20.Children look for pairs when they turn the cards down.

### Step 13: The containers should be filled with small objects.

Children can fill containers with small items such as 11 buttons, 12 grains of rice, 13 coins, and so on.They can count the items and label the containers.

### Step 14: Take a break from reading to read picture books.

There are many picture books that deal with numbers 1 through 20.They should be read together.

### Step 15: Sing songs.

Children’s understanding of number sequence can be reinforced with counting songs.

### Step 16: Play who has the number?

Give children cards with numbers from 11 to 20.Wait for the child with the appropriate card to rise if you ask a question about who has number 15.If you want to make this game more challenging, you can ask harder questions such as “who has the number that is two more than 13?” or have students break down their numbers into tens and units.

### Step 17: Children can correct their counting mistakes.

Children will point out your mistakes if you count out loud from 1 to 20.You can do this with number lines.

### Step 18: Children can use their hands.

Pick two children.The person should raise his or her hands in the air to show ten fingers.The second child should raise the right number of fingers to create the units.

### Step 19: Number stations can be created in the classroom.

There should be stations for each number from 11 to 20.The desk with the written word “eleven” and the number “11” on it should be labeled with a picture of 11 items.11 objects of some kind were set out.Children will circulate to identify the various stations if this is done for every number.