How To Teach English As a Second Language to Beginners

It is difficult to teach English as a second language for beginners.There are always new challenges when teaching English as a second language, no matter what your background or experience level is.Every student learns differently, like teaching other subjects.Depending on the primary language of each student, you will face new challenges that are unique to that language.You can gain the skills you need to teach English as a second language with some work and knowledge.

Step 1: The first thing to do is to start with the alphabet and numbers.

One of the first things you should do is teach the alphabet and numbers.You will create a great foundation for your students by teaching the alphabet and numbers.Students should learn the alphabet at a certain point.If you want, you can start at “a” and go to “m”.Both of you are comfortable with having your students finish the alphabet at a fast pace.The point is not to push your students too hard.Students should be asked to work on numbers.Start them and stop them according to their capabilities.There is a way for students to practice writing letters and numbers.To reinforce your lesson, use flashcards with a word that begins with the letter of the alphabet.People who use the English or Latin alphabet are more likely to be able to learn the alphabet.

Step 2: It’s important to teach pronunciation for difficult sounds.

When teaching English as a second language, it’s important to teach pronunciation.The “TH” is a sound that is particularly hard for English as a second language student.The “TH” is not found in many languages.It’s difficult for some students from Romance or Slavic language background to pronounce.The “R” sound is difficult for many ESL learners due to the fact that it is pronounced differently depending on regional dialects.The “L” sound is difficult for people from east Asia.Spanish speakers are used to the letter being silent, so it’s hard for them to understand the “L” sound.It’s usually pronounced in English, but it can be confused with “fish.”

Step 3: Don’t teach your students words.

The next step is to teach the alphabet and numbers.One of the easiest things to teach is nouns.Your students will be able to see everything around them as opportunities to learn.Common objects can be used in your classroom.Go to the common objects in your town or city.Car, house, tree, road, and more are good examples.Food, electronics, and more will be encountered by your students in their daily lives.

Step 4: Explain how adjectives are used.

Adjectives are important for good communication.It’s a good idea to teach adjectives after you teach nouns.Aectives can be used to describe other words.You can teach wild, silly, troubled, and agreeable adjectives.

Step 5: Instruct your students.

Your students will put together full sentences when you teach the verbs.The words describe an action.To speak, to talk, and to pronounce are some examples of verbs you can teach.Extra time is spent on irregular verbs.A difficult English irregular verbs example is the word “go”.”went” is the past tense of “go”.”Go” becomes “gone.”

Step 6: Adwords modify verbs, adjectives, or other words.

Extra details can be added to your sentence with adverbs.adverbs can be used to clarify what degree your students did.They can add more detail with the use of adverbs.Adding to their meaning is what adverbs describe or change.A few examples of adverbs include very, wearily, happily, and easily.A word that ends in -ly is an adverb.

Step 7: Explain tenses and articles.

You need to teach tenses and articles to your students after you have covered the basics.Your students will not be able to put whole sentences together if they don’t know how to use the proper tense and articles.There are tenses that explain when something has happened.Explain past tense, current tense and future tense.Extra information is provided by articles.”a,” “an,” and “the” are included in the articles.Students need to master tenses and articles in order to speak and construct sentences.

Step 8: Common phrases to practice.

Encouraging your students to practice and use common phrases is a great way to teach English.Your students won’t understand the meaning of many common phrases just because they are based off of the words.Students should be told to repeat those phrases until they feel comfortable using them.Provide your students with a list of common phrases to work with and think about.

Step 9: The basic sentence construction is taught.

You should teach your students basic sentence construction after you’ve taught the alphabet, verbs, and more.This will give a foundation to their writing ability.It will help them read.The main five patterns in English are Subject-Verb sentences.The subject is followed by a word.”The Dog runs.”The subject is the object.The subject is followed by a verbs and then an object in these sentences.John eats pizza.The subject-Verb-Adjective sentences are related.The subject is the first thing to be said in these sentences.The puppy is cute.The subject-verb-adverb sentences are related.The subject, a verb, and an adverb are in these sentences.The lion is there.The subject-Verb-Noun sentences are related.The sentences have a subject and a verb.”Emmanuel is a philosopher.”

Step 10: Students should only speak English in class.

Encourage students to avoid speaking languages other than English in the classroom is a great way to facilitate learning.Students are forced to use their knowledge of English in order to further develop them.It gives instructors and students opportunities to learn.When students have already learned the basics, this tactic is best used.Correct a student if they use English in the wrong way.Always be positive.This tactic works well when used with the “answer me” approach.You can ask a student a question or make a statement.They will be able to answer in English.Don’t shame a student if they have to speak in their native language.Listen to their concern.

Step 11: Provide written instructions.

When explaining an activity or giving directions about homework, classwork, or a project, you should always give both written and verbal instructions.Giving both written and verbal instructions allows your students to read them at the same time.This will help with word association and pronunciation.Before you explain an activity, distribute the directions to students.Email directions to your students before you explain something in a video.

Step 12: Constantly monitor students progress.

Regardless of what type of lesson you are teaching or what activity your students are doing, you should keep an eye on them.Monitoring students will allow you to see if they are struggling.If you teach in a classroom, you should walk around and talk to students to see if they are having trouble.You can ask students if they need help if you send them messages.When students are doing in-class activities, make yourself available as much as you can.

Step 13: There should be a variety of modes of learning.

It’s more effective to teach English as a second language to beginners when you use different types of learning.Each student learns differently and diversity in learning is important.Speak.Write.Encourage reading.Suggest listening.All of the modes of learning should be promoted.

Step 14: Break lessons into smaller pieces.

Break the lesson into smaller pieces for beginners or very young students.If you break lessons up into small pieces, you won’t lose students’ attention.It will make sure that you don’t overwhelm your students.You don’t have to stay for 10 minutes.If it will aid your lesson, go a few minutes over.You should switch to a totally different type of lesson after each mini-lesson.This will help students stay focused.Every day, change your mini lessons.To keep your students’ attention and challenge them, try to incorporate as many different lessons as possible.Students may get overwhelmed if you add too much new information at once.You should stick to the same material until your students understand it.

Step 15: Games can be used to reinforce a topic.

Games will help students learn English by making it fun and by forcing them to think in new and different ways.If you want your students to compete against each other, try a game that uses a point system.If you want your students to work in teams, consider a Family Feud-style game.There are games that use flash cards.If your students can guess the correct answer, display a flash card with a hint.

Step 16: You can use visuals to teach.

In order to build word association, visuals are an important way to teach language.By using visuals to promote word association, your students will be able to make stronger connections between ideas and new words that they are learning in your class.Consider pictures and photographs.There are post-cards.There is a video.There are maps.There are comic books.Comic books are great because of their visuals and text.

Step 17: Promote the use of targeted language apps.

The use of targeted language applications on smart phones is a great way to teach English as a second language.Targeted language apps are a great way to reinforce what you have taught, as students can use them to practice their language skills and learn new phrases and words.There are a number of targeted language apps on smart phone operating systems.There are many free targeted language apps.Multiple students can work together to learn with some apps.

Step 18: Social media can be used.

Social media can be used to teach English as a second language.You can use social media to teach commonly used words.Students can observe word usage and practice what they have learned from it.Try to teach an idiom of the day.You can pick common phrases and explain them to your class.Students can follow and translate popular figures on the social networking site.Students can explain or translate news pieces in English if they start a social media group.