Applying stain to wooden furniture can restore a new look to old pieces as well as creating beautiful color and luster on unfinished furniture.The natural beauty of the wood will be enhanced when staining is done well.Depending on the type of wood you are staining, the process is slightly different.
Step 1: Purchase wood that matches your wooden surface.
Step 2: Look at the surface of the wood.
There are knots, nails, small cracks and holes left by pests.The edges of your wood will need to be noted.The edges need to be even if they are rough.
Step 3: Place the nail set on top of the nails.
Push the nails below the surface by hammering the wide end of the nail set.
Step 4: If you are working with wood, place a bead on the edge of the knife.
After you fill the defects with wood filler, use the edge of the putty knife to smooth the surface.
Step 5: Continue until the wooden surface is smooth and even with more filler.
The wood should be dry before you sand it.
Step 6: Your sanding block needs to be fastened with 100grit sandpaper.
Sand the edges of the wood.When you are done with the edges, set the sanding block aside.
Step 7: The back of the sandpaper should be in contact with your palm and fingers if you hold it in your hand.
Rub the surface with your hand in the direction of the wood grain to sand hard-to-reach areas.
Step 8: Use a tack cloth or paper towel to wipe down the sanded surface.
Step 9: To sand the surface, repeat the process with 150-grit sandpaper.
Step 10: After you have cleaned the sanded surface with your tack cloth or mineral spirits, repeat the process using 220-grit paper.
Step 11: Clean your work surface with a soft lint-free cloth, not a tack cloth.
This will make sure that there is no dirt, debris or sawdust on the surface.
Step 12: Apply a thin layer of stain to the surface of the wood by dipping the edge of your brush.
Use long strokes to brush along the grain.Work on one portion of the wood at a time, instead of staining the whole piece at once.
Step 13: Take a look at the surface.
Use a soft, lint-free cloth to rub the stain until it looks better.
Step 14: You can apply more stain by moving to a different part of the wood.
Step 15: To blend the edges between brushstrokes, use a cloth.
Step 16: Continue to work on one part at a time until the piece is finished.
Step 17: Allow the stain to dry.
If the color isn’t as deep as you would like, apply more stain to the piece until you get the result you want.Allow each coat to dry completely before adding an additional coat.
Step 18: Put a bead of wood filler on the edge of a knife.
The wood surface should be even with the filler’s surface if you apply it to cracks, knots and nail holes.Use the knife to smooth it out.
Step 19: The surface of the wood should be flush with the sand after it has dried.
Do not damage the surface that you have already stained.
Step 20: Use a 2” (5 centimeter) brush to apply a coat of polyurethane to your stained wood.
Work in the direction of the wood grain by brushing the product with long strokes.Work in 6” to 12” sections.
Step 21: You can blend the brush strokes between sections by lightly stroking the intersection.
The sections should blend together when you are done.
Step 22: Allow the first coat of polyurethane to cure.
The next day is when to sand the surface.
Step 23: Allow the second coat to cure before applying a third coat.
You don’t have to sand the final coat.
Step 24: Wrap the work surface of your electric sander.
To make sure the work surface is taut, clip the paper tightly in place.
Step 25: The sander needs to be plugged into an electrical outlet.
Step 26: Place your dominant hand on the back of the sander.
Rest the device on your work surface.
Step 27: The electric sander should be moved back and forth in the direction of the wood grain.
If you sand across the grain, you will leave scratches that will show up when the stain is applied.
Step 28: When you are done, turn the sander off and set it aside.
Step 29: To clean the surface of the wood, use a tack cloth or paper towel that has been dipped in mineral spirits.
Step 30: Don’t use your used 100grit sandpaper on your sander.
Step 31: Attach the 150-grit sandpaper to the electric sander.
Step 32: Sand along the grain and wipe it down.
Step 33: Try to repeat the process with 220-grit paper.
If you are working with hardwood, you should wipe the surface with a damp cloth before you sand it.You can create a very smooth surface by raising the grain of the wood.