There is a potentially life-threatening disease caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi.The feces and urine of people who have been exposed to the bacterium can be transmitted from the ingestion of food and drinks.In the developing world, where sanitary conditions are less than ideal and where clean, treated water is in short supply, typhoid is common.In the past 10 years, Americans traveling to Asia, Latin America, and Africa have been at high risk of contracting the disease.
Step 1: Check for a high temperature.
In the range of 103 to 104 F is the primary indication of the disease.Symptoms develop within a few weeks after exposure.
Step 2: You should check for secondary symptoms.
There are additional symptoms and indicators of the disease, including headaches, general weakness, stomach pain, vomiting, and loss of appetite.A rash of flat, lightly pink-colored spots and a slow heartbeat are reported by some people.
Step 3: You can see a doctor.
Get to a doctor if you have a high temperature.As many as 20% of those who are exposed to the disease may die if they are not treated.Avoid contact with other people if you have a sick person.You should not serve food to other people.If you are traveling, you can usually get in touch with your consulate to get a list of recommended doctors.A clinical analysis of a stool sample or blood test will be used to confirm the diagnosis.In areas without a lab or where lab results would be delayed, the doctor can assess the size of your body by pressing down on your organs.Enlargement of the liver and spleen is a positive sign.It is important to confirm the diagnosis as the symptoms associated with the disease overlap with other diseases that are common in developing regions.
Step 4: Don’t eat risky foods.
One of the most important ways to protect yourself is to avoid certain foods and types of food when traveling to areas where there is a chance of catching the disease.Eat food that has been well cooked and is served steaming hot if you want to be safe.It helps to killbacteria.Fruits and vegetables that don’t have a peel should be avoided.Vegetables like lettuce are hard to wash and have a lot of nooks and crannies wherebacteria can hide.Peel and clean fruits and vegetables if you want to eat fresh produce.Don’t eat the peelings if you wash your hands with hot, soapy water.
Step 5: It’s a good idea to be careful with what you drink.
It’s important to drink water from clean sources.Bring the water to a boil before drinking it or drink it from a sealed bottle.In general, bottled water is safer than uncarbonated water.Even ice can be contaminated, so either don’t use it, or make sure the water used to make it was boiled or a bottle.Popsicles may have been made with contaminated water, so try to avoid them.
Step 6: There are street vendors that serve food and beverages.
Many travelers report getting sick because they ate or drank something purchased from a street vendor, because it is difficult for food to be kept clean on the street.
Step 7: Cleanliness and hygiene should be practiced.
You should wash your hands.If you don’t have soap or water, you can use a hand cleanser that has alcohol in it.Unless your hands are clean, don’t touch your face.Close contact is something you should avoid.Sharing eating utensils with people who are sick is a common practice.
Step 8: Don’t forget a helpful slogan.
The phrase “Boil, cook, peel, or forget it” was designed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Think of this slogan if you have doubts about eating.It’s better to be safe than sorry.
Step 9: Before you travel, get a vaccine.
If you are traveling to or through Asia, Latin America, and Africa, you should get a typhoid vaccine before you leave so you don’t expose yourself to the disease.Discuss the vaccine with your doctor or travel clinic if it’s right for you.If you’ve had a vaccine in the past, you should still consult with your doctor to make sure you don’t need a booster shot.After several years, typhoid vaccines become less effective.One form of the vaccine in the United States requires you to take 4 capsule every day for a total of eight days, with a two-day break between each capsule, and a one-time injection.The vaccines are equally effective at preventing the disease.The capsule protects for five years and the injection for two years.The treatment regime for the capsular requires completion one week before potential exposure, while the injection requires two weeks.
Step 10: There are restrictions for each vaccine.
For the injection, you should not give it to children younger than two years old, anyone who is ill at the time, and anyone with an allergy to the vaccine.Children younger than six years old, HIV/AIDS patients, anyone with a weakened immune system and anyone who has taken antibiotics within three days prior are some of the restrictions for the oral capsule.
Step 11: Do not rely on vaccinations alone.
Vaccination is only 50 to 80 percent effective at preventing the disease, so make sure to take as many preventative measures as possible, such as watching what you eat and drink.Taking precautions with what you eat and drink will help to protect you from diseases that can be transmitted through food and drinks.