How To Quote in a Research Paper

The use of quotations can make a research paper stronger.You can use quotes when you need to cite a key piece of primary source material, strengthen your argument through another writer’s work, or highlight a term of art.To write an effective paper and avoid plagiarizing, it is important to use quotations effectively and cite them correctly.

Step 1: Dropping quotes can be used to understand how to use them.

There are dropped quotes in a piece of text.Dropped quotes don’t give any information about the speaker.These can’t be a complete sentence on their own, and must be introduced within a sentence.To incorporate a dropped quote, use a complete sentence.Rembrandt began painting landscapes that are romantic and visionary as his skill grew.Rembrandt’s landscapes are “romantic and visionary”, so use a short phrase to incorporate a dropped quote.

Step 2: Understand how to use full sentence quotes.

Full sentence quotes are created by quoting complete sentences that are less than 4 lines.Stand-alone sentences can’t be used as complete sentences in your paper.Introduce them with a signal phrase.To introduce a full sentence quote, use a complete sentence.”Rembrandt’s great gift as an etcher lay in preserving a sense of spontaneity while scrupulously attending to close detail” (142).To introduce your full sentence quote, use a signal phrase.Wallace states, “Rembrandt’s great gift as an etcher lay in preserving a sense of spontaneity while scrupulously attending to close detail.”

Step 3: Understand how to use block quotes.

Block quotes are multiple sentences quoted directly from a source which take up more than 4 lines in your paper, or less than 3 if you are quoting verse.Because they take up a lot of space, they should only be used a maximum of 1-2 times.Adding a complete line space between your own content and the quote is one way to incorporate a block quote.Introduce your quote with a colon.Add a line break here and then add the rest of the quote.Quote marks are not used for block quotes.The introduction sentence states who the author is and what is being referred to.The in-text citation should be added after the period at the end of the quote.You don’t have to start a new paragraph at the end of a block quote if it’s inside a paragraph.Simply add another line break and write on the left margin.If you are citing more than one paragraph, you will need to add 0.25 in to the second paragraph.

Step 4: Refer to indirect quotes to understand how to use them.

When you use a sentence from a source but change the wording slightly into your own words, it’s referred to as indirect quoting.When you can’t meet the requirements by quoting, or if you’ve quoted too much, this is useful.Change at least 50% of the sentence to avoid plagiarizing.The structure of the sentence can be changed.If you want to change at least half of the sentence into a new structure, you need to make sure the meaning is still clear.A thesaurus can be used to exchange words.If you understand the content you are copying, paraphrasing can be done.If you don’t know the meaning of the quote, you will not be able to put it into your own words.Don’t look at the quote when you write your paraphrase.You can create a new sentence by keeping the meaning in your head.

Step 5: You should know where to put periods and commas.

It is likely that you will have to use a period at the end of your essay.If your entire essay is about a single work, you should give a citation.The period is outside the quotation marks if you include a parenthetical citation.If you want to include 1 serving per day in your diet, you should structure the quote like this: “Yogurt provides beneficialbacteria to your gut.”You can structure the quote like this:Carrots are a valuable source of vitamins A and C.

Step 6: Do you know where to put question marks and exclamation points?

If there is an exclamation point or question mark, keep it inside the quotation marks.If you are asking a question or stating the importance of a quote, you should add the punctuation outside of the quotation marks.If you are asking a question about a quote, mark it with a single question mark.There is an example of a quotation with a question mark.With so much contention, will literary scholars ever agree on the quality of Alice’s adventure?Readers communally ask “but where will I go?” at this point in the story.

Step 7: Correct use of ellipses.

If you start in the middle of a quote, it is necessary to insert ellipses.Some of the sentence is not included in the quote.You can show that a part of the quote has been excluded by using the word ‘…’.In the center of a quote, ellipses can be used to leave out words that you don’t feel add value to the statement.The man stated, “reading the book over the last few weeks was not only incredibly enjoyable, but also enlightening and life-changing.”If you only use a part of a quote from the center of the selection, it is not a full quote.ellipses rarely come at the beginning of a quotation.

Step 8: The brackets should be used correctly.

The opposite of ellipses, brackets are inserted into a quote to add information that you deem important but which is not included in the quote itself.To help the reader understand the context, you can include brackets in a quote to give a few words, typically the name of a person or place that the quote is focusing on.According to scholars, Rembrandt’s portrait of Henrickje was both accurate and emotion-filled.

Step 9: Correct use of colons and semicolons

The quotation marks should be placed outside of the colon or semicolon at the end of your selection.

Step 10: It’s a good idea to copy the quote.

If you are using a direct quote, you need to copy it word-for-word.Even if you are aware that the spelling and grammatical mistakes are incorrect, you should include them as well.If you are aware of a mistake in your quote, you should put it in brackets.This means that you are aware that there is a mistake in the quote, and that it is not your fault.Dormer has noted that his work is more valuable now than when it was created.

Step 11: The quote is in the MLA format.

The author’s name and page number should be included in your in-text citation.You can mention one in your writing and the other in a parenthetical citation.”Rembrandt’s decline in popularity may have been his dedication to Biblical painting”According to some, Rembrandt’s dedication to biblical painting may have been a reason for his decline in popularity.Wallace states that Rembrandt may have been the reason for his decline in popularity.

Step 12: The quote is in the APA format.

APA requires an in-text parenthetical citation with the author’s last name and the year the text was published.If you mention the name of the author in your writing, you can put just the year in parentheses.Billy wasn’t a catholic, even though he grew up with a ghastly crucifix on his wall.When he says Billy wasn’t a Catholic, he gives a factual statement with a clear opinion thrown in.Billy wasn’t a catholic even though he grew up with a ghastly crucifix on his wall.

Step 13: There is a quote in Chicago.

The Chicago style of research writing uses footnotes at the bottom of the page instead of in-text parenthetical citations.If you want to cite a quotation in your paper, add a footnote number after the quotation mark.The citation should be at the bottom of the page.

Step 14: Pick the quotations you want to use in the paper.

In academic writing, over use of quotations is considered sloppy because it relies too heavily on others to make a point.You can also sift through a lot of research to find the most important quotes that will support your argument.

Step 15: It’s a bad idea to summarize.

It is important to quote something directly because you have valuable insights based on that particular phrase or set of information.A long summary or paraphrase of what you copied should not be used as a substitute for quotes.When discussing the quote, make sure you don’t repeat what the text says in different words.

Step 16: To highlight a specific phrase, use quotes.

An empirical source may describe a very specific phrase or term in academic writing.If you can’t explain or rephrase this phrase, use a quotation.To avoid seeming lazy with your writing, try to paraphrase or use an indirect quote.

Step 17: It’s important to quote important evidence.

You can use quotations to provide direct evidence for an important point in your research paper.You can add oomph to your position by quoting someone who supports it.After quoting their point, be sure to elaborate on it in your essay.

Step 18: It is important to be clear when using quotes.

Although helpful at times, quotes that have not been attributed can be confusing and out of place.It is important that you give context to your quote.It is important to make it clear to the reader that the ideas you are presenting are not those of someone else.

Step 19: The information at the end of the paper should be included.

A “Works Cited” page is used at the end of the paper to list full publishing information on each quoted source.