Many people think of the fruit as old-fashioned, but interest in the tree has been growing.North America, Europe, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand are just some of the places where the hardy quince grows well.A quince tree requires a bit more attention in its first few years, but once established, it can live for 50 years or longer.
Step 1: Young trees should be supported with stakes for 2 or 3 years.
At least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight each day is needed for the fruit to mature, so choose a sunny spot to plant your tree.To encourage a more balanced root system, use stakes to help the trunk grow straight and tall.If you live in a cooler climate, you may want to plant the tree next to a wall to protect it from strong winds and frost.Make sure it gets full sun.
Step 2: In the first and second year, remove the fruits.
Young branches can break due to the size and weight of ripe quinces.Picking the fruit on a young tree gives the branches time to grow strong enough to support a full crop, even though it may seem wasteful.You will have a more productive tree.The tree should be strong enough to bear fruit after two years.Allow the fruit to mature on the tree.Just before the first frost, fully ripe quinces are typically harvested.
Step 3: Young trees are Prune in the winter and summer.
Prune in the summer after the tree has finished fruiting and again in winter before the buds start to swell.Prune on a dry day to reduce the chance of spreading disease.Pruning more than a third of the tree’s branches should be avoided after the first year.In the first year of the tree’s existence, you should try to establish the shape in which you want it to grow, but don’t take too much new growth.Pruning dead or damaged leaves is done in the summer.Fruits are protected from the sun by foliage.One-third of the new growth from the previous season is cut back each winter.
Step 4: The shape of your tree should be established in the first year.
A vase or open-centered goblet is the most common way to shape a quince tree.This shape keeps the center of the tree open and allows more fruits to grow.Pruning shears and lopping shears can be used to train the tree.The vase shape can be created by choosing 3 strong branches.The branches should be close together.Cut out branches that are not in line with your shape.As you look at the big picture, step back often.When the tree is in full bloom, it’s a good idea to take pictures of it so you know where the growth will occur.
Step 5: Dead limbs and damaged limbs should be removed first.
Pruning shears or lopping shears can be used to cut damaged or problem branches all the way back to their point of origin.Work on branches that are growing vertically or crossing over other branches.If you’ve removed all the problem branches, there’s no need for morePruning, apart from cuts you need to make to train and shape the tree in the first couple of years.
Step 6: The buds are placed to help train the tree.
The branch will bend in the direction of the bud if the fruit is heavy.Choose a bud on the underside of the branch if you want it to bend down more.You can make your cuts at a 45 degree angle.The bud should be on the other side of the branch.The bud will wither if you cut too close to it.Unless you want to completely remove the branch, don’t cut further up it.There is a branch that you could cause tears on.To fix tearing, use a pocket knife.
Step 7: After the second year, cut the main trunk.
The tree will grow further into the vase shape if the main trunk is cut.At a 45 degree angle, cut the trunk of your tree to form a vase.Remove any branches that cut into the center space.The top of the trunk should be trimmed with a pruning saw.It is possible to use a chainsaw, but be very careful.
Step 8: During the winter, Prune establishes trees.
You only need to trim your tree once a year after it is 3 or 4 years old.If you live in the Northern Hemisphere, this will be December or July or August.Pruning can be avoided with older trees.You still want to keep an eye out for dead branches when you don’t do a fullPruning.
Step 9: There are thin crowded and older branches.
The tree tends to grow in a crowded and chaotic way when it has lots of sunlight.It’s important to cut the branches in the center of the tree to keep your shape.Older branches can be trimmed back completely.
Step 10: The center of the tree should be relatively open.
The shape and appearance of the tree can be destroyed by a bushy growth pattern that can get messy quickly.After your tree is established, you should clear the center of the tree to keep it neat.The center of the tree can become tangled and overgrown if vertical branches are removed completely.
Step 11: Unwanted shoots should be cut down completely.
To improve the tree’s shape, you can trim the ends of branches.If a branch is growing up from the center of the tree, remove it.Most vertical branches can be removed.They will eventually cross another branch if they’re not already.It’s better to cut them all the way down than it is to grow them in a certain direction.
Step 12: Remove branches that can’t be cut with shears.
Unless a branch is dead or sick, it’s best to leave a large branch in the tree.If branches with a diameter of more than 2 inches are cut, the tree will grow wood instead of bearing fruit.It’s best to cut branches that are growing in the wrong direction early.
Step 13: During the year, remove tree suckers and watersprouts.
Waterspouts and tree suckers are fast new growths that appear low on the tree’s trunk.They will reduce the productivity of your tree because they can’t bear fruit.The chances of them regrowth decreases if they are removed as soon as possible.Allowing them to grow means they will continue to take your tree’s resources.It is recommended to maintain a trunk clearance of 3.5 to 4 feet.