Children under the age of five are especially susceptible to Hand Foot and Mouth Disease, which is caused by the coxsackieviruses.In rare instances, it can lead to more serious conditions like viral meningitis or encephalitis.It is an unpleasant experience for a child to suffer through the symptoms of HFMD.Simple but essential hygiene practices like regular and thorough hand washing are the most effective ways to protect kids from Hand Foot and Mouth Disease.
Step 1: Don’t forget to wash your hands.
HFMD is spread through contact with bodily fluids and fecal matter.If you wash your hands regularly, you will be less likely to transmit the virus.Adults usually have built up an immunity to the disease.The virus can still be spread to children.If you wash your hands after using the bathroom, sneezing or coughing, or changing a diaper, you can stop you from spreading a virus you probably don’t know you have.Use soap and warm water to wash your hands.Rub for at least 20 seconds.It’s important to clean the wrists, fingers, and fingernails.Dry with a clean towel.
Step 2: Children should be taught to wash their hands often.
Hand washing is one of the first things you teach a child.Good habits from the beginning will reduce their chances of acquiring or spreading a host of illnesses.When possible, wash kids’ hands for them until they can do it on their own.After using the bathroom, be sure to wash your hands properly.Instructions, tips, videos, and activities can be found on this CDC webpage.There are kid-friendly games and activities in this handout.Your child’s nails should be trimmed and cleaned.Make sure you scrub underneath them and use a soft brush to clean them.You should keep your nails short and clean if you work with children or health care.
Step 3: Good cough and sneeze practices can be demonstrated.
The primary cause of spreading HFMD is fecal contamination on hands, but it can also be spread by nose and mouth secretions.You can greatly reduce the spread of diseases by teaching kids to cough, sneeze, and blow their noses in a sanitary manner.Kids should not cough or sneeze into their hands.Hand washing is important after coughing, sneezing, or nose-blowing.Stories, songs, and games can be used to teach.Regular reminders and demonstrations are required for small children.They are watching you practice the proper techniques.
Step 4: Keep objects out of mouths and noses.
Any parent of a small child can tell you how hard it is to stop them from doing things like picking their noses, sucking their thumbs, or sticking items in their mouths.The issue is bigger than these practices being gross.You can only expect so much success if you’re dealing with small children.Kids will put things in their mouths and noses that shouldn’t go there.Hand washing is important because of this.Prepare, practice, and expect it.It is your best defense.
Step 5: Take care with what you share.
fecal contamination is the primary method of spreading HFMD, it can be spread by way of various bodily fluids.Almost any shared object can be contaminated with fecal matter, so be very cautious when sharing everyday objects.Tell kids not to share food, cups, utensils, toothbrushes, towels, or clothes.Sharing is good, but only when items are germ-free.
Step 6: Clean toys, shared objects, and common surfaces often.
Cleaning can seem like a never-ending task when dealing with one or more kids, but keeping common objects and surfaces clean and disinfected will reduce the likelihood of HFMD.In schools, preschools, and daycares make sure the toys are cleaned regularly.Clean common surfaces with soap and water.
Step 7: Kids with symptoms should be kept home from school or other gatherings.
If you suspect a child has the disease, keep him out of school and away from large groups of children.The person with the disease is most likely to spread it.Inform the child’s school if your child has symptoms or a confirmed case of the disease.The school should have a procedure in place for notifying other parents.
Step 8: Once symptoms abate, don’t let your guard down.
The period of symptomless HFMD can be as short as three to five days or as long as seven to 10 days, but the person may still be able to spread the disease.After symptoms disappear, keep up a heightened hygiene regimen.It is possible for a child without symptoms to return to school, but make sure she understands the importance of washing hands, covering coughs and sneezes, using tissues, and avoiding sharing food or items with the nose or mouth.
Step 9: Do you know what HFMD is and how it spreads?
The symptoms of hand foot and mouth disease are caused by coxsackieviruses.It can be spread by contact with bodily fluids and waste products, as well as surfaces that are contaminated with them.It occurs most frequently in children under the age of five due to their tendency for less-than-hygienic practices.By adulthood, most people have built up an immunity to the disease.
Step 10: There are telltale signs of infections.
Symptoms usually appear in the hands, feet, and mouth, as indicated by its name.blisters in the throat and mouth are the most common symptom.Red spots or blisters on the palms and soles of the feet are not as common as the mouth blisters.The symptoms come and go within a few days.Many of the symptoms that are related to the mouth pain are also caused by HFMD.
Step 11: It’s recommended to treat symptoms.
There is no vaccine or cure for the disease.At the moment, treatment focuses on symptom management and waiting it out.It can lead to conditions like encephalitis, but very rarely.The child should be taken to the doctor for a confirmation.A steady supply of throat-soothing foods like ice pops and ice cream, as well as lots of fluids, may be recommended by the physician for pain relief.The doctor may recommend a special mouth rinse for the sores on the hands and feet.For most of the time, you have to play a waiting game.Regular hand washing is one of the best ways to prevent HFMD.