How To Make Shoulder Pads

Although shoulder pads are usually associated with bold 1980s fashions, they are added to many fashions of today.The shape of suits, blazers, and structured dresses and jackets can be improved with the addition of shoulder pads.A few materials, including lining fabric and quilters’ batting, can be used to create effective shoulder pads to give your clothes a crisp and elegant line.

Step 1: Measure the width and depth of the garment.

If you are making shoulder pads to fit inside a specific piece of clothing, make sure you have access to the armhole and shoulder seams.To determine how wide and deep the shoulder pad will need to be, use a tape measure.Measure over the curve of the top of your shoulder if you aren’t working with a specific garment.Measure the width of your shoulder, starting from where you want the shoulder pad to sit inside a garment and reaching out to extend it.The measurement is 5 2 in (14 cm) wide by 10 cm deep.

Step 2: Measure the width and depth of the paper to draw out a rectangular shape.

The basis for your shoulder pad pattern will be found here.Since you will reuse it a few times, choose a stiff paper to draw your pattern on.Make a note of the lines that indicate width and depth by using the shoulder area measurements you just took.For example, if you took a measurement of 14 cm wide by 10 cm deep, your rectangle will be 5 2 in (14 cm) by 4 in (10 cm).

Step 3: The shoulder pad pattern can be created with a D shape.

For a standard shoulder pad, your pattern will be an arch or D shape, with a little more volume towards one side.The edge of the depth measurement should be parallel to you.A sketch in a curved line that extends from the top left corner, skims across the center of the right side and connects back to the bottom left corners.The finished edge of your shoulder pad pattern will be here.The back of your shoulder area is where the side with a little more volume will be positioned.The bottom half is where the fullness should be if you are drawing a true D shape.You will wear this on your right shoulder.To get the smoothest possible line, use a French curve.The D shape is standard, but you might want to change it.If you want the shoulder pad to add more volume directly above your shoulder, you should sketch a circular shape.If you want to have less volume above your shoulder, carve out the vertical line in your D shape so it is more of an arch or moon shape.

Step 4: The right and left shoulder pads should be labeled on both sides of the pattern piece.

To know which shapes are intended for the right and left shoulders, write R on one side and L on the reverse.If you prefer, you can draw out 2 separate patterns instead of using one piece of paper for both the right and left shoulder pads.To trace around the edges of the original pattern piece, flip it over onto another sheet of paper.The pieces should look like mirror images.If you make your shoulder pads symmetrical, you won’t need to mark the right and left sides.

Step 5: Use paper scissors to cut out the pattern.

Carefully cut around the curved edges so that you don’t end up with a mess on the finished product.Cut stiff paper with paper scissors because it will dull the edges of your shears.

Step 6: Attach the right shoulder pad pattern to the batting.

The pattern should be pinned onto a piece of batting.To trace around the edges, use a fabric marker or pencil.Refer to the piece of batting as R.

Step 7: Cut out the 4 pieces from the left side.

The pattern piece should be flipped over so that the L side faces up.If you do this a second time, you will end up with 2 pieces labeled “L”.

Step 8: Attach fabric shears to the pattern pieces to cut them out.

Cut around the pattern pieces with fabric scissors.You should end up with 2 separate pieces labeled “L” and “R.”

Step 9: Attach the pattern to the fabric with a small seam allowance.

Place your paper pattern on the wrong side of the fabric.Take a look at the pattern piece.To mark the seam allowance, use a ruler.For the R side and for the L side, do this once.The fabric on the inside of your garment should match the lining fabric.If you are working with a red blazer that is lined in black, you should use a similar black fabric to cover the shoulder pads.

Step 10: Pin the 2 layers of batting together.

Pin the R and L pieces together.This will create a thicker shoulder pad.Cut out a series of smaller pieces if you want your shoulder pads to have graduated thickness.The pieces need to be secured in a stack.You will place another piece of batting over the top to smooth the levels.

Step 11: Straight stitch around the edges of the stack using a sewing machine.

To hold the layers of batting together, sew a straight stitch around the perimeter.

Step 12: Mark 2 hits the edge of the batting.

The first dart will take in 4 in (0.64 cm) and the second dart can take up to 1.3 cm.The dart should go on the side with more volume towards the back of the shoulder.They are about 2 in deep.Use a fabric marker or pencil to mark these.

Step 13: The darts are sewed with a pin and machine.

Make sure you take in volume from both layers of batting by pinning the darts on the shoulder pads.The darts are closed with a machine straight stitch.Remove the loose threads.

Step 14: Pin the seam allowance of the lining fabric over the batting.

The batting should be placed on the wrong side of the lining fabric.Place it in the center and begin folding the seam allowance toward the inside.Place a pin around the edges.The batting should now be covered by the lining fabric.The seam allowance should not stick out or add too much bulk if you fold around the corners.

Step 15: The machine sews around the shoulder pads.

A straight stitch is away from the folded edge.The batting should be completely enclosed by the lining fabric.

Step 16: Remove the edges of the fabric.

Remove the excess seam allowance.If you have pinking shears, you can use them to trim away the seam allowance.Your shoulder pads are ready to put on the garment of your choice.