A hybrid plant is a plant made out of two different species.New vegetables and fruits can be created by creating a hybrid version of a plant.Cross pollination is one of the main ways to create a hybrid plant.Cross pollination is the best method of pollination.The process of attaching a piece of one plant to another is better for hardwoods, trees, and asexual plants.
Step 1: You can combine 2 plants of the same category.
You can’t cross-breed plants that are in different categories.You cannot mix and match 2 species of seed-bearing plants, trees, vegetables, or flowers.You can combine 2 existing species based on what you can grow indoors or in your garden.It is easier to cross-pollinate flowers and trees.Cross pollination is the process of using one species of plant to pollinate another.Beans, orchids, roses, and peppers are good plants to cross-pollinate.The process of ginging is cutting a portion of one species and attaching it to another.Any plant with a stem can be replanted, but hardwood varieties are the best.For flowering plants to be bred together, they must have some overlap in their bloom period.In the early spring, Bartzella peonies bloom, while in the summer, the peonies of Athena bloom.Plants can’t be bred together.
Step 2: Plants can be cross-breed to make them stronger.
There are many benefits to hybrid plants.Plants that are genetically diverse are less prone to diseases.The stronger the plant, the better it will be in your garden.Cross-breed French and cabbage roses to improve the odds that they will grow strong in your garden.It’s better to combine flower varieties that are different.If you have hot peppers that are dying quickly but your sweet peppers are growing well, cross-breed them to create a hot and sweet variety that will have a better chance of surviving.
Step 3: Vegetables can be combined to make unique flavors.
Some unique flavors can be created by combining different herbs or vegetables.Potato roots can be used to create tomatoes with a unique flavor profile.New spices and levels of heat can be created by cross-breeding different peppers.You can experiment with different plants in your garden.Combining hot peppers and sweet peppers will result in a variety that is moderately spicy with a uniquely sweet taste.
Step 4: To cross-breed, identify the male and female plants.
Go to your garden or plant nursery with a magnifying glass.Male plants produce the pollen used to breed.Stamens are long stalks that extend away from the plant.Some flowers have a lot of stamens.Plants with shorter stalks are called pistils and are located in the center of the flower.You will need to look at the gender characteristics of each plant separately, since many of the qualities are different from plant to plant.It can be hard to identify the pistil and stamen.In the center of the plant, look for small stalks that are different colors than the petals.The stalks are probably pistils if they are tiny and thin.If there are only a few stalks, they are likely to be stamens.You cannot cross-pollinate flowering plants.Daisies, mints, sedges and peppers can all be cross-pollinated.The plant can be cross-pollinated if it has a bud and a flower.There are flowers with both male and female parts.You don’t need to worry about the genders of the plants in these cases.You don’t need to worry about combining male and female varieties of trees.
Step 5: There is a flower bud on the male plant.
There is a portion of the plant that hasn’t bloomed yet.To remove the plant from its stem, use garden shears or scissors.Transfer the bud to a stable surface by carefully handling it.
Step 6: If you want to remove the petals from the bud, use tweezers.
There are Sepals around the base of the bud.The bud is protected by them.Tweezers can be used to tear these portions away.To access the interior of the bud, peel the petals back and then remove them.
Step 7: You can collect the anthers by brushing the bud over a piece of paper or petri dish.
The small particles of pollen are called anthers.If you want to hold the bud over the petri dish, put a piece of paper down.If you want to brush the top of the bud, tilt it over the paper or dish.If you are worried about damaging the plant, you can use a cotton swab or paint brush.The particles and anthers can be dropped on the paper or dish.If it is windy outside, do this indoors.Cross pollination is successful if you can collect more anthers.
Step 8: Store the anthers inside overnight.
You don’t need to do anything to dry the anthers since they will naturally dry out over time.Leave your petri dish or glass jar out in the dry for at least 12 hours to dry them out.If you collected the anthers on a sheet of paper, transfer them to a glass jar.The paper makes it easier to collect a lot of anthers.Your new plant will pollinate better if you dry the anthers.
Step 9: There is a bud on the female plant.
You cross-breed with a female plant that has an open bud.The bud can be removed without removing the stem.Leave the petals intact if you can.Remove the petals if you can’t.This is a very delicate process.The stigmas are in the middle of the bud, so leave them undisturbed while you do this.If you damage the center of the plant, this process won’t work.
Step 10: Use a paintbrush or finger to apply the anthers to the female plant.
Take the dried anthers and brush them over the bud.You can either dip your finger into the anthers or use a dry paintbrush to apply them to the plant.Add as many anthers as possible to increase the odds of success.If you are doing this by hand, be very careful.The interior bud should not be knocked off.
Step 11: After a few weeks of growth, remove the bud.
Depending on the type of flowers you cross-pollinate, the amount of time required for the hybrid bud to grow varies.A new bud will develop over the course of a few weeks.The other buds on the plant will likely look the same as this new bud.Once the new bud has a chance to grow, clip it off with garden shears and scissors.Remove it by trimming 2–3 inches under the stem.It is kind of a trial and error process to decide when to clip the bud.You don’t want to clip the bud off before it has a chance to grow.
Step 12: Store the hybrid seeds in the refrigerator.
Put your bud in a petri dish.If you want to tear the bud open, use a small utility knife.There are seeds inside.You can remove the seeds from the plant by hand or with a tool.Store them in a container with some moist soil.You are unlikely to be successful if you plant the seeds right away since the plant has already started budding.You have to wait for the next growing season to plant your hybrid plant.
Step 13: New seeds can be planted in the spring.
When you are ready to plant your seeds, remove them from the refrigerator and let them reach room temperature.You should dig a hole in a fertile part of your garden that is 1–4 feet away from the mother plant.You should plant your seeds the same way you planted the mother plant.It is difficult to predict what kind of water,fertilizer, and soil the new plant needs since it is an entirely new variety.If you want to treat your new hybrid plant the same way you would your mother plant, you should do it in the following ways: watering, fertilization, and light.Try to cultivate the plant like the father plant.You can combine the two methods to determine what works and what doesn’t.There is a risk that the hybrid plant won’t grow.It isn’t always your fault.It is impossible to know ahead of time if a combination will work.
Step 14: Choose 2 plants with branches or stems that are the same size.
You don’t need to worry about finding mother and flower plants if you replant with asexual hardwood plants.The most efficient time to transplant is in the early spring before the plants have an opportunity to grow.In the early spring, grow hardwood or asexual plants together.If you want to cross pollination for flowering plants, you may be able to get some plants together, but this process is less effective than other methods.If a plant has a firm stem, it can be transferred to another plant.Apple, cherry, beech, and ash trees can be replanted.Plants that can be grafted include roses, tomatoes, and boxwoods.
Step 15: A scion can be made by removing a healthy branch from a plant.
Pick a strong branch to remove from the plant.You can either heating the blades under an open flame or soaking them in a sterilizing solution.The garden shears or gardening scissors can be used to trim off a length.If there are buds on the branch, make sure to remove them.This part of the plant is called the scion.The bumps on the branch are called buds.It doesn’t matter which plant you remove.If one of the plants grows faster than the other, remove a branch from that plant.You can make a scion out of wood or bark.It doesn’t matter what the origin of the organic matter is if it is the exterior portion.
Step 16: Cut a 2–3 in strip from the scion with a knife.
You can wash your knife with a sterilizing agent or hold it under an open flame.The edge of your blade should be inserted into the skin of the branch or stem where there is at least one bud.Wrap your blade around the skin.Under the first cut, remove the skin from the plant.To make a rectangular length of skin, trim portions of the skin off.A pocket knife has a dull edge that makes it easier to pry the skin from it.If you are careful, you can do this with a pocket knife.You don’t need a lot of skin to successfully transplant the plant.This will not work if there isn’t a bud on the skin.
Step 17: Cut around the target plant with the scion.
Take your scion bark or skin and hold it against the trunk or stem of the plant, anywhere near the bottom third.If you want to cut into the plant, drag the blade around the scion.Set your scion aside once you have cut guidelines into the plant.You do not need to be precise.If the scion fits in the opening that you make on the target plant, this will work.
Step 18: Remove the skin from the target plant.
The target plant’s surface should be torn away.Remove the blade from the skin.If you want your scion to sit against the plant, you need to remove skin, wood, or bark.
Step 19: Wrap the scion with aluminum foil and vinyl tape.
Hold the scion over the area that you removed.Wrap the scion against the trunk using vinyl tape.The scion shouldn’t move as it binding to the plant if the tape is pulled tightly.Wrap the entire portion of the tape with aluminum foil.A few more layers of tape is needed.The foil will keep the sun out, which will cause the plant to reject the graft.
Step 20: The wrapping needs to be removed after 3-4 weeks.
The target plant will either accept or reject the graft after 3-4 weeks.The aluminum foil needs to be removed.Carefully peel away the vinyl tape.It is important that you don’t rip the scion off the plant.If the graft falls off, it will not take and you will need to try again.
Step 21: Use shears or a saw to remove the top half of the plant.
If the leafy part of the plant is hogging all the resources, the graft won’t grow.The top half of the plant needs to be cut off in order to get enough nutrition.Garden shears can be used for smaller plants and a pruning saw for stronger plants.If you want to remove the healthy leafy areas, Prune them.Cut a few inches above the graft to wound the plant.The plant will send more resources to this area in order to help it heal.A large knife with a serrated edge is a pruning saw.Pruning tougher vegetation is what it is designed for.
Step 22: Wait for the graft to grow and then tie it to the plant.
It may take several weeks for the growth to occur.It may be an entire year before the buds on the graft grow.You would care for the plant in the same way you would the target plant.Tie twine to the remaining portion of the trunk or stem when the graft grows 8–16 inches (20–41 cm) in length.As it develops, this will make it grow evenly and straight.This plant is a new species.The old root system will be incorporated into the new plant over time.