The quality of ponds and other small bodies of water can be improved by treating them with lime.Lime helps balance overly acidic ponds, resulting in fresher, cleaner water and a more hospitable environment for aquatic creatures.If you want to know if your pond needs treatment, you need to take a soil sample from the bottom.If it is less than 6, call your local water management authorities for information on how to hire out a liming project or see to it yourself.
Step 1: Take soil samples from the pond.
A shovel or similar tool can be used to scoop up soil.The area near the center is one of several different parts of the pond that you can do this from.Depending on the depth of the pond, you can collect samples from a boat or dock.You need to dig out the soil manually if you want to.It’s easier to take samples from the bottom of a pond if you put a device from a sounding pole and a tin can in a container.
Step 2: Take the soil samples and put them into a container.
Transfer your samples to a large container where they can be kept together until you can have them analyzed.Combining multiple soil samples will allow you to find the average pH in your pond, which you can use to determine how much lime to use.Stir the soil samples thoroughly until they are evenly mixed.Don’t allow your soil samples to come into contact with water from other sources.Your pH reading may be unreliable if you are exposed to foreign chemicals.
Step 3: Allow the samples to dry.
If you bring the sample collection container into your home, leave it in an area that gets plenty of air.You can use the mud to measure the acidity or alkalinity of the pond.
Step 4: The aggregated samples have a pH level.
A standard agricultural soil testing kit is the simplest way to do this.Put a small amount of pond soil into a testing container and follow the instructions in the kit.If you don’t know how to test soil pH yourself, you can send your samples to your local game and fish department, agricultural research center, or lake management service for expert analysis.If the water or soil tests out to 7.5 or higher, never lime your pond.The water can be harmed or even killed by doing so.
Step 5: If you get a reading of 6 or less, you should Lime your pond.
A highly acidic soil can have a negative impact on fish, plants, and other wildlife.The primary purpose of applying lime is to bring the water back to a neutral level so as to minimize the harmful effects of overly acidic water.It’s up to you if you want to add lime or wait and see if the soil is over 6.Re-testing fresh soil samples from your pond should be done within 3-4 months.A lot can change in a few months.
Step 6: Determine how much lime is needed.
Depending on a number of factors, including the size of your pond, the current pH level, and the type of lime you will be using, you can get an exact amount.It takes about 1-2 tons of lime per square surface acre or water to increase the alkalinity of a standard-sized pond 1 or 2 units.In order to improve the structure of the soil deep down below the bottom, a certain amount of lime may be required.Calculating the right amount of lime to add to a pond is a complex process.You can consult your local water management authority for assistance.
Step 7: Contact your local water management agencies if you have any questions.
If you are considering liming a pond on your property, the water treatment service, game and fish department, or farmer’s co-op can be useful.In some cases, one of these organizations may be able to provide you with important information, rent you equipment, or even oversee the project for you.Lake management companies can lime your pond for a fee.If you want to explore your options, run a search for lake management with the name of your town or city.
Step 8: You should drain the pond.
After inspecting and testing your pond, the professionals you are working with will remove the water using a submerged pump system.It can take anywhere from a few hours to several days.draining makes the application process faster, safer, and more accurate because it takes less time.It is easier to lime a dry pond than a full one.Lake management professionals are only allowed to drain a body of water if it is too large to be done.The fish and other creatures in the pond could be killed by draining it.If the pond you’re planning on liming is full, consider treating it while it’s full.
Step 9: The lime should be spread over the pond.
Once the water has been emptied from the pond, the workers handling the application will cover the bottom with shovelfuls of ground limestone, making their way from one end to the other.They will rake the lime until it is evenly distributed.Manual or gas-powered lime spreading machines can be used for maximum efficiency.The lime should be spread at the bottom of the pond.It shouldn’t be a problem to apply it to a muddy surface.
Step 10: The pond should be filled.
The water that was drained from the pond can be pumped back in.The newly-applied lime will begin to break down the acidic compounds created by decomposing organic matter, chemical runoff, and the natural build up of waste products, restoring the water to a more natural composition as a result.Don’t attempt to refill your pond with water from any other source as there’s no guarantee that it will have the same pH as the water you used to determine how much lime you need
Step 11: It’s a good idea to treat your pond every few years.
It’s a good idea to test the water and soil in your pond at the same time every year.It will be time to apply a new course of lime when it drops to 6 or lower.The best time to treat your pond is in the fall or winter, when the water will no longer be a problem.They can be sure that they won’t interact negatively with the lime.It is possible to add a quarter of the original amount of lime each year to maintain the proper balance.
Step 12: Adding lime to your pond should be done with water.
You can fill a wheelbarrow, steel drum, or group of large buckets with fresh water, then shovel in the lime a little at a time.The lime will start dissolving gradually, forming a solution that can be easily dispersed.When handling raw lime, always wear thick gloves, eye protection, and a facemask.It will be necessary to put your lime onto a platform or tarp if you can’t suck it up.
Step 13: The lime should be spread from the dock to the boat.
The lime solution should be poured into the water from as close to the center of the pond as possible.It will take a while for it to reach the outer edges of the body of water.Adding lime from the middle of the pond is more effective than putting it in the banks.
Step 14: The lime should be put into the water.
If you don’t have a boat or dock to aid in application, you will have to work your way slowly around the perimeter of the pond.If you want to shock a swimming pool, try to dump in a small amount of lime solution at consistent intervals.A few passes with a bucket and shovel may be the most convenient way to treat small ponds.As a last resort, apply lime manually from outside large ponds.Much of the material ends up soaking into the soil around the banks and being wasted, because it takes significantly longer to impact water quality this way.
Step 15: Don’t use more than 200 kilograms of lime at one time.
This is the maximum amount of lime that can be added in a single application.If you overload your pond with more than 200 kilogram per day, it could cause it to have a spike in the alkalinity of the water.At the end of the day, make sure the water is within safe limits.It’s possible to kill off fish and other large aquatic creatures with high bromide levels.