Burns are graded by medical professionals on 3 levels.A first-degree burn affects the top layer of skin, while a second- degree burn is more severe and goes to the second layer.You can treat a burn at home.The most severe type of burn is a third-degree burn.If you have a third- degree burn, you should go to a hospital emergency department.
Step 1: The burned area should be red and dry.
The appearance of a burn will be red and dry because it only reaches the first layer of skin.The skin won’t be a deep red, but more of a pink or light red.A first degree burn will not form blisters after a few days.It’s common with sunburns.
Step 2: Take into account the pain of the burn and see how long it lasts.
The pain from first degree burns is mild and doesn’t last long.It is possible to control the pain with over-the-counter pain medication.It takes between 48 and 72 hours for the pain of a first-degree burn to go away.
Step 3: If the burn was caused by sunburn or brief contact with heat, you can find out.
These are some of the most common causes of burns.A sunburn or exposure to heat can cause a second degree burn, so don’t rely on the cause alone to determine the burn’s degree.Someone could get a burn on their hand if they touched a pan with a hot handle.A mild sunburn can be a first-degree burn.If you have a first-degree burn, you may be able to use a cool compress, lotion, and acetaminophen.
Step 4: Look for a red appearance.
A burn that reaches to the second layer of the skin can leave it looking dark red or covered in red and white.The spots are irregular in size and pattern.As a result of the burn, the burnt area may appear to be wet or shiny.
Step 5: The skin may appear swollen or blisters may form.
blisters may form and the burned area may swell up.If the skin looks puffed up compared to the other side of the person’s body, that is a sign of swelling.There are small blisters on the surface of the skin.If a person has a burn on their arm, it is a good idea to compare the burned arm to the unburnt arm.
Step 6: Rate the burn’s pain on a scale of 1 to 10.
It’s usually quite painful if someone has a burn.Ask the person to rate your pain on a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being the least painful and 10 the most painful.If the person rates their pain as a 6 or higher, they should go to the emergency room to be treated for the burn and to get something to relieve the pain.
Step 7: The burn may have been caused by extreme heat or long-term contact.
A second-degree burn is caused by a higher level of heat than a first- degree burn.There are other possible causes of a second-degree burn.
Step 8: The burn can be black, brown, yellow, or white.
The burn will go down to the fat layer of the skin if the person has sustained a third degree burn.The skin above the fat layer has been burned away and it will look that way as well.The burn pays attention to the skin’s color.If you sustain a third-degree burn, the burnt area of the skin may look leathery.You should look for a tough appearance.You need to get your wound cleaned and the dead skin removed if you have a 3rd degree burn.Your doctor will give you medication to control the pain, IV fluids to rehydrate you, and antibiotic creams to treat infections.If you develop an infection, you might be given an oral antibiotic.
Step 9: The burned area needs to be checked for swelling.
If the burnt area is swollen, this is a strong sign that it may be a third-degree burn.The burnt area should be compared to the surrounding tissues to see if it is swollen or puffy.If the burn is on an arm or leg, compare it to the other one.This can help you to tell if there is swelling.
Step 10: There was a loss of feeling in the burned area.
A third degree burn can cause numbness.The nerve endings may be destroyed by the burn.If you are assessing someone else’s burn, ask them if it hurts.They are likely to have a third-degree burn if they can’t feel it or feel numb.
Step 11: The burn may have been caused by exposure to heat.
Exposure to heat causes third- degree burns.Being scalded by a hot liquid is one of the most common causes of a third-degree burn.