How To Help a Choking Victim

A blockage in the throat restricts the flow of air.Getting food stuck in the windpipe is the most common cause of choking in adults.Small objects can become lodged in the throat or windpipe in children.It can happen as a result of injury, trauma, drinking alcohol, or swelling after an allergic reaction.Without first aid, the lack of air can cause serious brain damage or even death.It’s important to know how to help someone who is choking.This article does not cover children under 1 year of age.How to do first aid on a baby is for children under one year.

Step 1: Determine the situation.

Make sure the person is breathing normally by determining if it is a partial or total airway obstruction.If a person is experiencing partial airway obstruction, you should let him cough to remove it.The ability to speak, cry out, cough or respond to you are signs of partial airway obstruction.The person may be pale in the face, but they will usually be able to breathe.A person who has an obstruction of the airway will not be able to speak, cry, cough or breathe.The person making the “choking sign” (both hands clutched to the throat) and his lips and fingernails may turn blue due to lack of oxygen.

Step 2: Ask the person if he or she is breathing.

“Wait if the person can say something.A person who is really choking will not be able to speak at all.It is important that you do not use back blows on a person who has partial airway obstruction because there is a risk of lodging the previously semi-loose object more deeply and potentially causing a total obstruction.Reassure the person if they respond.Let him know that you’re ready to help if he needs it.The person should cough to clear the obstruction.Don’t use back blows.Keep an eye on the situation and be prepared to help if the person’s airway becomes completely blocked.

Step 3: Provide first-aid.

If the person is conscious and suffering from a total airway obstruction, you should communicate your intent to perform first aid.It’s a good idea to make sure that someone who is conscious knows what you’re going to do and that you know if you can help.If you are the only one who can help the person, perform the first aid described below before calling emergency services.Get him to call for help if someone else is available.

Step 4: Give back blows.

The instructions apply to a person sitting or standing.Stand behind the person.Stand to the left or right if you are right-handed.Lean the person forward so that the object blocking his airway will exit his mouth, as opposed to going further down the throat.Administer up to 5 blows between the person’s shoulder blades with the heel of your hand.Wait after each blow to see if the problem has been solved.If not, give up five abdominal thrusts.

Step 5: Administer abdominal thrusts.

Adults and children older than 1 year of age can only use the heimlich maneuver.Children under 1 year old are not allowed to use the Heimlich maneuver.Stand behind the victim.Lean him forward by putting your arms around his waist.Make a fist with your hand and place it above the person’s belly button.Put your other hand on top of your first, then put both hands into their stomachs with a hard upward movement.The action should be thrusting up to five times.Check to see if the obstruction is gone after each thrust.If the victim loses consciousness, stop.

Step 6: There are people who are obese and pregnant.

The regular Heimlich maneuver technique calls for your hands to be raised.The base of the breast bone is where the lowest ribs join.Press hard into the chest.You won’t be able to make the same thrusts.The person may fall unconscious if the obstruction is not removed.

Step 7: Make sure the object is gone.

Part of the object that caused the person to choke can remain behind once the airway is cleared.Ask the victim to spit it out if the person is able.Look to see if something is blocking the airway.You can do a sweep through the person’s mouth with your finger if there is.If you see an object, sweep it.

Step 8: Check to see if breathing has returned.

Most people will return to breathing after the object is gone.If normal breathing doesn’t come back or if the person loses consciousness, move to the next step.

Step 9: If the person is unconscious, administer help.

If a person chokes, put him on his back on the floor.If possible, clear the airway.If you can see the obstruction, you should sweep it out of the throat and through the mouth.If you don’t see an object, do a finger sweep.Don’t push the obstruction deeper into the airway.If the object remains lodged and the person does not regain consciousness or respond, check to see if the victim is breathing.Your cheek should be close to the person’s mouth.Look to see if the chest is rising and falling, listen for breathing, and feel for the person’s breath against your cheek for 10 seconds.CPR should be started if the person is not breathing.The object may be removed by the chest compressions used in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.If you are alone, call emergency services yourself and then come back to help the person.While waiting for help to arrive, alternate between chest compressions, checking the airway, and performing rescue breathing.After every 30 chest compressions, give 2 breaths.Rechecking the mouth is important when administering cardiopulmonary resuscitation.There may be some resistance to chest inflation.

Step 10: You should consult a doctor.

If the person experiences a persistent cough, difficulty breathing or a feeling that something is still stuck in his throat, he should see a medical professional immediately.Abdominal thrusts can cause internal injuries.He should be checked out by a physician after you use this tactic.

Step 11: You can call for emergency services.

You should call your local emergency number if you’re alone.Most emergency services still send someone to check out calls even if you can’t speak.

Step 12: The Heimlich maneuver can be performed on yourself.

You can still try to remove the item even if you can’t do it as forcefully as someone else.Make a gesture.You can put it on your abdomen.With your other hand, hold that fist.Over a chair, table, counter or other object.You should drive your fist in and up.If assistance arrives, repeat until the object is removed.Make sure the object is gone.The object should be spit out.

Step 13: You should consult a physician.

If you have a persistent cough, difficulty breathing, or a feeling that something is stuck in your throat, see a medical professional.Abdominal thrusts can cause serious injuries.If you have used this tactic on yourself, you should see a doctor.