Cold winter weather doesn’t mean you have to empty your garden.Since you don’t have as much to tend to in the winter, vegetable gardening can be more laid-back.Plants that are tolerant of the cold are the key to successful winter gardening.There are lots of vegetables to choose from.
Step 1: During the winter, grow leafy greens.
Salad greens are hardy and can survive cold temperatures and frosts.If you want to grow leafy greens for the winter, plant them in the ground during the summer.Arugula Parsley Endives are some greens you can grow.
Step 2: You can plant root vegetables to harvest.
Like leafy greens, root vegetables are protected from winter weather.For a winter harvest, plant root vegetables in the ground in late summer or early fall.There are some roots vegetables you can add to your garden.
Step 3: Try growing brassicas in the winter.
Brassicas can be planted in an outdoor seedbed in late spring or early summer.You can start them in pots or seed trays.Once your brassicas grow into seedlings with a few sets of leaves, transfer them into the ground outside.You can grow some popular brassicas over the winter.
Step 4: Before the first frost, put a shelter on your vegetables.
If you want your vegetables to be safe from cold and freezing temperatures, you need to insulate them with some kind of shelter.Before the first frost, make sure you put the shelter up.Vegetables can be damaged from the cold.A mini tunnel that goes over your vegetables is a shelter you can use.A mini tunnel can be found at your local gardening center, or you can make your own using metal hoops and a row cover.Do you not know when your first frost is?You can find the average first frost date online.
Step 5: Cold frames made of straw are used to protect leafy greens.
Straw bales help insulate plants from the cold.To make your frames, surround your garden beds with straw bales.To seal the frame, lay an old door, window, or piece of polycarbonate over the top of the bales or straw.Lift the top and pull the vegetables out of the cold frames.
Step 6: cloches can be used to shelter greens and brassicas.
Cloches can be placed over plants.Store-bought cloches can be used to cover small vegetables or you can make your own.To make your own cloches, surround your vegetables with posts and put a garbage bag over them.
Step 7: A thick layer of mulch protects root vegetables from the cold.
Before the first frost, cover the ground with mulch.To trap in the warmth, lay a sheet or gardening row cover over the mulch and root vegetables.shredded leaves, shredded straw, and shredded bark are popular types of mulch.When you are ready to harvest your root vegetables, you can just lift up the sheet or row cover and dig them out of the ground.
Step 8: Don’t water your winter vegetables.
Winter vegetables get a lot of water from the rain and snow.The soil doesn’t dry out as quickly because there is less sunlight during the winter.If the soil is particularly dry, you should water your vegetables occasionally.When it’s below 40 F, don’t water your vegetables.If you live in a place with freezing temperatures all winter, you should water your vegetables in the fall.
Step 9: Give your winter vegetables just one application.
Winter vegetables don’t need a lot of help to grow.If you apply afertilizer to the soil when you’re planting your vegetables, you won’t have to add any more for the rest of the winter.Vegetables can survive the winter off of the initial application.Blood meal, bone meal and cottonseed meal are some of the organicfertilizers you can use.
Step 10: You can harvest vegetables during the winter.
The right time to harvest winter vegetables depends on when you planted them and what type they are.Take care of your vegetables and harvest them from their winter shelters.It is possible to harvest root vegetables when they reach a usable size.The leaves are small or medium-sized.They could develop a bitter taste if they were allowed to grow too large.Depending on the vegetable and variety, brassicas can take up to 10 weeks to mature.