Poppies can grow as tall as 4 feet (12 cm) and as small as 10 inches (25 cm).These tips will teach you how to grow pops in well-draining soil, which will encourage a healthy flowerbed.You will have enough seeds to plant new poppies after flowering.
Step 1: Depending on your local climate, plant in autumn or early spring.
The seeds need to be exposed to cool or cold temperatures before they grow.If the winter temperatures in your area don’t fall below freezing, you can plant the seeds before the first frost.As soon as the ground thaws, sow the poppy seeds in the spring.The United States Plant Hardiness Zones 7 and higher correspond to the temperatures that allow for autumn planting.If the winter temperatures in your area fall below -20oF, you should consider planting the cold-resistant Iceland poppy.
Step 2: Consider planting in several stages.
If you divide your poppy seeds into groups and plant each group a week or two apart, your garden will have colorful flowers for a longer period of time.You may want to plant half in the first week or two of spring to see which group is best for your climate and variety.You don’t need to plant in stages if you will be planting in autumn.
Step 3: There is an area with full sun or partial shade.
When there is at least six hours of sunlight a day, poppies grow best.If you live in a hot climate, you should choose a spot where the poppies will be protected during the intense heat of the afternoon.In partial shade, the purple poppies have a brighter, more attractive color.
Step 4: Test the drainage of the soil.
It is important that the soil has good water drainage.It’s important during winter when the soil becomes wet or frozen.To begin testing, dig a 4 inch (10 cm) deep hole.Allow the hole to drain completely and then fill it again.It should take no more than four hours to drain again, and ideally less.
Step 5: If necessary, improve the quality of the soil.
If you can’t find a location in your yard with good drainage, try mixing the top 2 inches (5 cm) of soil with compost or building a raised bed.Perennial poppies, which are able to live for longer than one year, may require compost or a store-bought garden soil to thrive even if the drainage is adequate.
Step 6: If necessary, loosen the soil.
To loosen the soil, use a shovel or tiller.A root that is too hard to push through the soil may not be able to collect water.
Step 7: The seeds should be mixed with sand.
The seeds can be put in a container such as a pill bottle.Add some sand, roughly twice as much as the poppy seeds, and stir or shake them together.When seeds are sown, they can clump together.It is easier to plant the seeds evenly with the help of the sand.
Step 8: The mixture of seeds and sand is barely under the soil.
To cover the seeds with a light dusting of fine soil, sprinkle the poppy seeds and sand directly on top of the soil.Too much soil will block sunlight and prevent the tiny seeds from germinating, so don’t bury the seeds.The clumps of seeds will interfere with growth.As you walk across the garden or field, take a few handfuls of seed and sand mixture and throw them away.
Step 9: Water the seeds.
To prevent washing away the tiny poppy seeds, use a watering can or spray bottle instead of a strong hose.Mild spring weather will make the soil moist.It should take 10 to 30 days for the seeds to grow.
Step 10: It’s necessary to have water.
When the soil feels dry to a finger’s depth, only water the plants.You only need to water the plants once every few days.If the poppies turn brown, increase the amount of water per watering session.In sunny weather, don’t water plants during the early afternoon.The water may evaporate before it can be absorbed.
Step 11: The chance of weeds should be reduced.
Young poppy plants are small and easy to mistake for undesirable plants, so it’s a good idea to remove weeds that are competing with your poppies.Spreading two to three inches (6 to 8 cm) of organic mulch around the plants will reduce the ability of weeds to grow in the first place.Bark chips look attractive and will keep the soil moist.
Step 12: Once the plants have started to grow, cut out excess plants.
Once the plants are one or two inches tall, use garden shears to cut the weaker plants at the base.The best chance of healthy growth and flowering is to keep each plant at least 6 inches apart.If you pull the plants out, you may disturb the root systems of the neighboring poppies.The chance of mold and pests being transmitted from one plant to another may be reduced by spacing plants out in this manner.
Step 13: If necessary, fertilize.
If you want to speed up the growing rate, or if your soil is poor, you may addfertilizer once the plants are at least 5 inches (13 cm) tall.The packaging tells you to use a low nitrogen, neutral pHfertilizer.Three numbers are used to show the balance of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.A low nitrogenfertilizer has a lower first number.
Step 14: If you want the plants to seed, remove dead blooms or leave them on.
If the spent blooms are removed, the plant will bloom throughout the summer.If left alone, the plants will turn yellow and die, but after a few weeks, they will drop their seeds and create dozens of new plants next year.If you want your Perennials to remain healthy and bloom again next year, you should not cut off withered leaves.If you want to keep your garden colorful, allow the leaves to die naturally and hide the brown color with longer-blooming flower varieties.
Step 15: Buy seeds from your plants.
If you want to grow a new crop of poppy seeds, it’s a good idea to cut the seeds off when they’re vertical.Dry them in the sun, cut them open, and shake them through a sieve to catch the seeds.Limit your collection to plants that are healthiest and most attractive.
Step 16: If possible, don’t transplant adult plants.
You can place the poppies more accurately if you transplant plants, instead of casting them across the garden and seeing which seeds mature.Due to their single tap root, poppies are easy to kill during transplant.If possible, transplant poppy plants when they are young, less than 3 inches tall, and leave adult plants in their current container.If you have to transplant adult, perennial poppy plants, try to do it in late summer, before they start to seed.
Step 17: You should check the soil in your new location.
Poppies need loose, well draining soil and exposure to at least 6 hours of sunlight a day.Compost or manure can be used to improve the soil.There is more information in the section on planting seeds.
Step 18: If possible, transplant in the evening.
Poppies are more likely to die if they are exposed to more sunlight.If possible, transplant in the early evening to give them a full night of darkness.
Step 19: Water the plants an hour before they are replanted.
Before the root begins to take in more water, it may take time for the poppies to adjust to the new location.Water them an hour or more before the transplant to make sure they have enough water.
Step 20: The root ball is larger than the hole.
If you were growing your seedling in a small container, make the hole larger than the container.If you don’t intend to grow to examine its size, you may need to guess at the size.
Step 21: Carefully remove a clump of soil.
If you are going to transplant from a container of several seedlings, you should gather the soil around the central one and move them to the edge of the pot.In order to minimize the damage, this central seedling should not be handled directly.
Step 22: The plant should be planted to the same depth in the new soil.
The plant should be buried at the same depth as before.It’s a good idea to gently move it to avoid damaging the roots.Wrap the soil around the plant.It’s best to water it to hold it together and then care for it.