It’s easy to grow peanuts at home.Most gardeners have a better chance of success if they start their plants indoors early in the season and then transplant them into an outdoor garden once the soil warms up.Continue reading to learn more about the right way to grow peanuts.
Step 1: Start a peanut plant indoors.
100 to 130 frost-free days are needed to reach maturity for peanuts.You should start the plants indoors one month before the last expected frost in the Northern region.If you live in the southern part of the country, you can either plant the peanuts outdoors after the last frost or indoors a few weeks prior to the final frost.
Step 2: Look for good seed peanuts.
You can plant raw peanuts at the grocery store, but you might find it harder to grow peanuts if you buy seeds from a gardening store.Before planting peanuts must be in their shells.They will fail to produce if they dry out too quickly.Don’t use roasted peanuts.These will not grow.
Step 3: The container should be filled with moist soil.
Put a bowl or starter pot about 10 cm deep into the ground and fill it with soil.Before you add the seed peanuts, make sure the soil is not already damp.Since you can put the entire pot into the ground when you transplant, a paper or peat pot is the safest container to use.If you only have one other option, you could use a plastic bowl or pot.If you are planting peanuts in a plastic container, make sure the container is clean.It should be washed with warm water and soap, then washed and dried with clean paper towels.
Step 4: The peanuts should be placed on top of the soil.
Place four peanuts on top of the soil and press them into it.The cover is 2.5 cm in diameter and has loose, moist soil.You should not remove the brown paper coating from the nuts when shelling them.The peanuts may not grow if this is removed or damaged.If you remove the shell, the peanuts will grow quicker.If the soil is not moist when you add it, lightly water it with a watering can or spray bottle until it is moist to the touch but not soaked.The seeds should be planted 2 inches (5 cm) deep and 20 cm apart.
Step 5: You can choose a sunny location.
Full sun is needed in order to grow peanut plants.Areas that get full sun are more likely to be the warmest in your garden.Plants thrive in warm soil.
Step 6: Wait until the last frost is over.
You should wait at least two to three weeks after the last suspected frost to transplant any seeds indoors because peanuts are sensitive to frosts.If you are planting peanuts in an outdoor plot, the same guidelines apply.Wait several weeks after the last frost.The seed peanuts will not grow.The minimum temperature for the soil is about 18 degrees Celsius.
Step 7: If necessary, improve the soil quality.
The plant bed needs loose, well-drained soil.Adding sand to the soil will make it less dense and improve the quality.Put the sand in with a trowel.Clay soils are hard to improve sufficiently.Since it could give off nitrogen, you should limit the amount of compost you use.Adding more can stunt the growth of the plant, since peanuts produce their own nitrogen, and this would be beneficial for many plants.If the soil is too acidic, you may need to balance it.Add a small amount of agricultural lime to the soil and mix it thoroughly.
Step 8: Go deeper into the soil.
Even if the plant is not that deep, dig at least 6 inches down into the soil.There is not enough room for the roots to spread out.Digging into the soil helps to break up compact areas and give the roots the space they need.After digging into the soil, fill the holes with 2 inches (5 cm) of loose soil.You may accidentally plant the seedling too deep.
Step 9: Plants are 10 inches (25 cm) apart.
The root system should be completely below the ground.Use loose soil to fill in the rest of the hole.Place the whole thing in the ground if you use a decomposable planter.To loosen its contents, gently squeeze the sides of the container.If you want the plant, roots, and soil to leave a clump in your hands, tip the container.The clump should be moved to the outdoor plot.Don’t expose the sensitive roots.If you planted the peanuts directly outdoors, you can plant 2 to 3 seeds at each spot.You will need to thin the plants out and leave the strongest one at each spot.
Step 10: Water the soil.
If you want the soil to feel moist when you touch it, use a hose or watering can.The soil should not be soaking wet.If there are puddles on the plot, you may have added too much water.
Step 11: The soil should be loosened after a few weeks.
Once your plants reach a height of 6 inches (15.24 cm), you should carefully dig around the base of each plant to loosen the soil.Each of the runners will develop blossoms as the plant grows.You should not pick the flowers off the ground.The downward stems are called pegs.Your peanuts will grow off of these pegs, and the stems need to find their way underground in order to grow them.It is easier for the pegs to get underground if the soil is loosened.
Step 12: The soil should be around the base of the plant.
After the pegs have found their way underground and the plants are about 12 inches (30.5 cm) tall, you should gently form the soil into small hills around each buried peg and around the base of the plant.The peanuts are growing on the ends of the buried pegs.
Step 13: A light mulch is laid down.
Immediately after creating the hills, spread out 2 inches of straw or grass clippings over the area.Most weeds are MzEd by mulch.The soil is warm, moist, and soft.Heavy mulches should not be used like wood chips.Heavy mulches will prevent additional pegs from breaking through the soil.
Step 14: It’s good to have water regularly.
Use a watering can or garden hose to give the plants 1 inch of water each week.Water should be given to peanuts at a time.They do best when the soil is moist but slightly dry.It is possible to determine this by sticking your finger into the soil and noting how much you can insert into it.
Step 15: High levels of nitrogen should be avoided.
If you decide to use afertilizer, make sure it doesn’t have large amounts of nitrogen.Nitrogen is supplied by peanuts.Plants with thick foliage and little fruit yield will be produced if more nitrogen is added.Once the plants start to flower, you can start treating them with a calcium-richfertilizer.It may help maximize nut formation.
Step 16: Fence your plants with mesh.
Squirrels and other small rodents are the biggest threat to your peanut plants.If you want to keep dinner guests out of your crop, place mesh fencing around it.The fencing should be pushed 2 to 3 inches below the ground to protect the peanuts.If the net doesn’t extend below the ground, many mice and squirrels will try to dig the plants up.
Step 17: Only used as needed.
When it comes to pests of the insect variety, peanut plants are usually spared.Cutworms, cucumber beetles, and other insects can make themselves a nuisance.The insects attack the plants.The leaves can be sprayed with a pyrethrin-based pesticide.Sprinkle ground red pepper on the leaves if you want to stick to organic.
Step 18: Use a spading fork to dig out the plant.
You should harvest peanuts before the first frost of fall since peanuts are still sensitive to frost attacks.When the plant is ready to be harvest, it will turn yellow.Lift the plant from beneath the roots with your gardening fork.The soil should be removed from the roots.A plant that is healthy will usually produce 30 to 50 peanuts.
Step 19: The plant needs to be dried out.
Place the plant in a dry place for a month.For the first couple of weeks, let the peanuts cure on the plant in a warm, dry spot.Pull the nuts off and let them dry in a warm spot.
Step 20: Store the plants as you wish.
You can either eat the peanuts raw or save them for later.If you want to roast peanuts, bake them in the oven for 20 minutes.If you want to store peanuts, place them in their shells in the refrigerator for up to 6 months.If you can’t keep peanuts cool, they can stay good for 3 months in a dark storage area.For a long time, peanuts can be frozen.