How To Grow Marigolds

White, yellow, orange, red, and mixed colors are some of the colors of moriams.They will bloom all the way until the frost.There are a wide range of sizes of moriams, from miniatures to giant varieties that can grow up to four feet tall.You can choose the size and color for your flower garden.The smaller varieties of marigolds do well in containers.

Step 1: Determine which growing zone you live in.

There are 13 growing zones for the United States, ranging from extremely cold Zone 1 in far- north Alaska to the extremely warm Zone 13 in parts of Hawaii and Puerto Rico.Zone 3 to Zone 10 is the majority of the country.In most zones, annual plants die in the winter and don’t return until the next growing season.The flowers are self-seeded.If you live in Zone 8 or higher, your marigolds may not die off during the winter and will likely return with full strength the following spring.

Step 2: Know when to plant your flowers.

marigolds can die in cold weather.After the last frost, plant marigolds.African marigolds are slow to mature and should be planted immediately after the last frost.If you can, plant your marigolds on a cloudy day or in the morning to prevent transplant shock from the heat.

Step 3: Decide if you will use seeds or plants.

It will take a few weeks for seeds to grow.Buying plants from a gardening store will give you immediate satisfaction, but they are more expensive.You can start the seeds indoors 3-6 weeks before you want to plant them outside.When the soil temperatures reach 60 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit in late May to mid June, it’s a good time to plant the flowers outdoors.The French Marigolds flower in a few weeks after planting.Plants can be planted as soon as the last frost is gone.

Step 4: Determine where you want to grow your flowers.

The flowers grow well in flowerbeds and in pots and other containers, but they need more space to spread out.The spacing of the plants in the beds should be 2 to 3 feet apart.They can handle up to 20% shade, but they perform best in full sunlight.They will not thrive in a shaded area.Marigolds do not grow well in overly damp soil because they are tolerant of dry, sandy soil.If your beds or containers have adequate drainage, you can add a layer of gravel to the bottom and cover it with soil before planting.

Step 5: Decide on the size of the flower you want to grow.

There are four main groups of marigolds that produce different colors and sizes.This is different on the variety you grow.You can always find size info on the package of seeds.Large-flowered African marigolds can be up to 3.5 inches in diameter, but they are fairly short at between 12 and 14 inches tall.African marigolds can grow up to 3 feet tall.Both produce orange or yellow flowers.African marigolds may be referred to as American.Large-flowered French marigolds are between 12-16” tall and have up to 2 flower blossoms.Small flowers are produced by dwarf French marigolds that grow up to 12” tall.French marigolds can be yellow, gold, and orange.Because they can’t reproduce, triploid marigolds are sometimes referred to as a “mule” marigold.They grow tall and produce large flowers.A signet marigold is also known as a single marigold.They are different from other marigold varieties in that they have very simple, almost daisy-like flowers and are more wild looking.

Step 6: Purchase seeds.

Depending on the breed, seed packets can range in price from 10 cents to a dollar per pack.You can buy seeds from garden supply centers and online retailers.French and African marigolds start from the same seed.Most hybrid varieties start from seed.You can save leftover seeds for the next growing season.In a dry place, seal them in an air-tight container such as a mason jar.

Step 7: You can start your seeds with a divided seed planter.

If you want to separate the roots of your seedlings, you should use a divided seed container.At most gardening stores, you can purchase these.You can use an egg carton to start your seeds.

Step 8: The planter should be filled with a mix of potting mix and seed starting mix.

When starting seeds, it is better to use a mix of soil and compost, as it will give the seeds an extra boost and make it easier for young roots to take hold.

Step 9: The seeds can be sown in the soil.

The planting depth will vary by breed, so refer to the package directions.sowing too many seeds in the same spot will force them to fight for sunlight and oxygen and will prevent rapid growth.

Step 10: Use a spray bottle to moisten the soil.

The seeds could be washed away with a watering can.Mist the soil with a spray bottle filled with clean water.

Step 11: The seedlings should be thin when they reach 2” tall.

Careful not to damage the roots, use a spoon or other small tool to dig the seedling out of the planter.Dead or browning plants should be removed.

Step 12: Once they reach 6” tall, transplant marigolds.

You can transplant marigolds into your garden beds or containers if they are about 6” tall.Don’t damage the roots by handling the plants.

Step 13: To loosen the soil, dig to a minimum depth.

Use a hand aerating tool, a hoe, or even your hands to break up large clods of soil and make sure it is aerated so that oxygen can reach the roots of your plants.There are sticks, stones, and debris in the soil.These will affect root growth.

Step 14: For planting, dig a shallow hole.

While the leaves remain above ground, the root ball of the plant should fit into the hole.

Step 15: The plant should be in the hole.

Place the root ball firmly in the ground.Water the plant at the base until the soil is moist and not flooded.

Step 16: mulch can be used to prevent weeds.

If you want to prevent weeds from growing, spread a 1-2” layer of mulch, pine bark, or other organic material on your beds.It will help the soil retain water, meaning you don’t have to water as often.

Step 17: The soil should be fertilized.

Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are essential for plant growth.There are three numbers on the package.20-10-20 has 20% nitrogen, 10% phosphorus, and 20% potassium.If you over-fertilize the soil, it will damage your marigolds.Fertilizing once every two weeks is a lot.It’s a good idea to add more than the package recommends.Compost can be used instead offertilizer.

Step 18: Don’t water your flowers from the top.

The flowers and leaves may be damaged if water is poured over them.Water your flowers at the base of the plants with a watering can.Don’t use a garden hose to water your plants.The top layer of soil may be washed away by the force of the water.

Step 19: Cut off your marigolds.

You cut off dead blossoms from flowering plants.Deadheading your marigolds will help the plant produce new flowers.To keep marigolds small, pinch off new growth.

Step 20: It is advisable to use insecticidal soap.

marigolds may have pests.A mild solution of insecticidal soap, which is sold at most gardening supply stores and even supermarkets, will help keep pests at bay without presenting a toxic hazard.There are some marigold species that can be eaten.If you use marigolds in a food preparation, wash them thoroughly before using them.Do not eat marigolds that have been sprayed with pesticides.

Step 21: If you have to, stake your flowers.

If you choose a taller variety such as the African marigold, you may need to provide a stake to support the stalks.Tie the plant to the stake with a soft, stretchy fabric.Old nylon stockings work well for this.