Olive trees conjure up ideas of vast fields in the Mediterranean and a bright sun to help ripening the fruit.Olive trees can grow in warm climates if the winter temperatures don’t drop below freezing.It is possible to grow an olive tree from seed.The olives on a tree grown from seed will most likely be like wild olives, which are much smaller than commercial named varieties.It is possible to have your own olive tree at home.
Step 1: Determine the type of tree you want to grow.
There are hundreds of olive tree varieties around the world.There are only slight differences in olive color and flavor.Others have different preferences which affect ripening time.Mission, Manzanillo, Sevillano and Ascolano are the four main types in California.Despite being grown in the same state, the diverse climate and particular olive strand yield a range of results.Determine which type of olive will prosper by researching your location.You will get more of a wild variety if you grow from seed.
Step 2: Pick olives.
The fruit must be picked directly from the tree in order to keep the seed alive.Olive trees thrive in the climate zones.Mild winters can be found in these areas.Pick them after the fruits are green.Don’t leave the black ones.Make sure the ones you choose don’t have holes from insects.It is not possible to use olives purchased from a grocery store.They have been cooked after being processed for consumption.The seed inside the pit is no longer viable because of this process.It is possible that olives from the produce section are viable.Many large orchards will ship pits/seeds directly to you if you don’t have access to an olive tree.
Step 3: Put the olives in a bucket.
Once you have the olives, gently smash the flesh with a hammer to loosen the fruit around the pit.If you want to soak the olives overnight, cover them with warm water.The water should be stirred every few hours.The fruit will loosen further if they are wounded.If a hammer isn’t available, use a wide knife.If you see a few floating to the surface, discard them.They are probably rotten.
Step 4: The water should be drained.
Use a scour pad to remove excess skin from the pits.The same pad is used on pots and pans.After you’ve washed the skin, rinse the pits with warm water.Sponge is not always available.
Step 5: The ends of the pits should be cut.
There are two ends to every olive pit.You can nick the end with a knife.The seed will be useless if the hull is not broken completely.Make a small hole about the size of a pen tip.They should be soaked in room temperature water for 24 hours.
Step 6: Put soil in a small pot.
Every seed should be in a 3 inch pot.They should be filled with well-draining soil.It should consist of coarse sand and compost.Any gardening store has these items.Water should be added to the soil mixture to make it moist.If you prefer, you can use a larger pot.You will be planting the seeds when they are mature.Use a spoon, stick or hand to mix the soil.
Step 7: You should plant the seeds.
The seed should be sown deep in the soil.It’s a good idea to plant one seed per pot.The seeds aren’t fighting over food.You should plant more seeds than trees.Under the best conditions, olives have a low germination rate.
Step 8: Put the pots in a bag.
The pots should be placed in a clear bag.This will help with the upkeep of a greenhouse.The pot should be kept in a warm area.Direct sunlight can be harmful initially, so keep that in mind when choosing a windowsill.Place the pot in the sun if you use a bag.If one is available, place the pot inside a propagator.Expect it to grow within a month.
Step 9: The seeds need water.
You want to keep the soil moist in the top two inches.If you stick your finger in the soil occasionally, you can check this.Water only if the top 14 inch of the soil is dry.The plant will be destroyed by over-watering.
Step 10: Once sprouted, remove the pots from the bags.
You can keep the pots in the windowsill or warm area until it’s time to transplant the olive seedlings.Continue to drink the water.
Step 11: You can plant in the fall.
It’s ideal for most areas in August to September.The tree will get settled in the soil before the cold weather.Wait until the seedling is 18 inches tall.If your area experiences temperatures below 30F, you should wait until the spring.
Step 12: Put a hole in it.
A location that gets lots of sunlight will encourage an additional growth spurt.The hole needs to be a few inches deep.A rule of thumb is to make it a little deeper than the container the tree was initially grown in.A shovel or hand can be used to dig the hole.Olive trees can tolerate most soil types.The soil can be rocky or sandy.The only requirement is that they have good drainage or they will decline and die.Poorly-drained soil can lead to root disease.The area around the tree should not be muddy.
Step 13: The tree should be planted.
Don’t disturb the roots too much when removing the tree.Before planting, make sure the tree and hole are well watered.Place the tree in the hole slightly higher than the ground and cover with one inch of soil from the area.Don’t use a lot of organic soil mix, compost orfertilizer.An artificial growing environment will be created by this.If you are planting multiple trees, they need to be at least three feet apart, and up to 28 feet for larger varieties.They will compete for the same things in the surrounding soil.
Step 14: The water is normal.
When watering the trees outdoors, the same rules apply.When the top 14 inch is dry, check the area around the tree for water.Don’t over water.Mother nature will take over and the plant will grow.During the colder months, olive trees don’t usually need any special care or watering.Water them as normal if the climate in your area is very dry.
Step 15: There will be fruit in 3 years.
It’s not easy to predict when a tree will start producing fruit.Some will bear fruit around 3 years old.Others may take a long time.
Step 16: Remove the branches from the tree.
Pruning Olives doesn’t require much because they grow very slowly.You can remove branches that are dying or growing low on the trunk.Light can reach the center of the tree if you thin out branches.