How To Diagnose and Treat Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP)

Cats under the age of two who have been around other cats are more likely to have feline infectious peritonitis.The cause of FIP is an inappropriate immune response to a common virus.The majority of cats can clear the virus without any long-term consequences.There is a wet and a dry form.FIP is almost always fatal if a cat develops it.Take your cat to the vet if you notice any of the symptoms.There is no treatment if the cat is diagnosed.

Step 1: It is a good idea to notice appetite changes.

Cats can change the amount of food they eat.The cat may lose weight due to this.This may affect the growth of kittens.The symptoms are characteristic of the wet type of FIP.The cat may look like it has a potbelly because of the lack of eating and weight loss.The cat may be sick.

Step 2: Respiratory problems can be monitored.

The respiratory system of a cat may be affected by feline infectious peritonitis.The cat may have trouble breathing.They may sneeze a lot and have a bad nose.The wet/effusive type of FIP has similar symptoms.The respiratory symptoms may be connected to fluid in the chest.

Step 3: Look for poor health.

The second type of FIP is dry.Poor health is what a cat with this type will have.There is a chance that kittens may not progress as they should.The inside of the eyelids and anemia can show signs of jaundice.A dull coat is not uncommon.The cat may be sick.Cats with FIP can show symptoms of depression.

Step 4: There are problems with the eye.

The eye may be affected by the dry version of FIP.The eye may become swollen.In some cases the eyes may bleed, and you may notice redness of the whites or lining.The color of the cat’s eyes can change.The ability to see may be lost by the cat.The only symptom of this disease may be problems with the eye.

Step 5: Neurological symptoms can be monitored.

The brain may be affected by FIP.Problems with coordination can cause your cat to be off-balance or have trouble walking.They may have other health issues.

Step 6: Determine if your cat is at risk for infections.

Cats under two years of age are more likely to develop this disease.It is more common if the cat is in a group of cats.The most common way is to come into contact with feces.Humans are capable of transferring the virus on their clothes.If a cat comes into contact with an object, the virus may transfer to it.The virus can be shed through feces.The virus can live for 36 hours in cold climates.Most cats will excrete the virus on their own.Cats can get feline coronaviruses.People and dogs can’t be exposed to feline coronaviruses.

Step 7: Take your cat to the vet.

FIP is difficult to diagnose, so if you suspect a problem, take your cat to the vet.If you can, give the vet as many of the symptoms as possible to help them figure out what’s going on.FIP can only be diagnosed when other diseases are ruled out.

Step 8: The cat should have his blood tested.

The first thing the vet will do is take the cat’s blood.This checks to see if any coronaviruses are present.The cat has been exposed to the virus, not FIP.A blood test can be used by the vet to make a diagnosis.Your vet may suspect FIP if there are certain anomalies on a blood panel.A titer test for FIP may be run by your vet.Blood counts will be checked by the vet.

Step 9: The chest and abdomen should be tested.

If your cat has fluid in their abdomen or chest, the vet can give you an x-ray.If the x-ray shows fluid, the vet will draw out the fluid from the wall.In some cases, a definitive diagnosis can’t be given.

Step 10: Get a sample of the body’s organs.

Since fluid won’t be present in the organs, it’s difficult to diagnose the dry form of FIP.If a differential diagnosis doesn’t lead to a diagnosis, the vet may do a biopsies of the affected organs.

Step 11: Cats with the dry form need supportive care.

There is no cure for either type of FIP.Cats with the dry form may live for a few months if they are still eating and haven’t developed neurological signs.For a few months, giving a cat quality food can help.If the cat develops anemia, they may need blood transfusions.

Step 12: Cats need to drain fluid with the wet form.

Cats with the wet form don’t live as long as those in the dry form.If you want to prolong your cat’s life, you can have fluid drained from the chest and abdomen.The condition may get worse if the fluid is drained.

Step 13: The cat should be given medication.

If the cat develops infections, the vet may give them antibiotics.It is possible to give suppressants to help decrease the antibodies.If the cat has problems with their eyes, corticosteroids may be prescribed.

Step 14: Do you want to kill your cat?

There is no treatment for FIP, and almost every case is fatal.For a few weeks or months, most treatments are supportive to help improve the cat’s quality of life.Cats with FIP should be euthanized, according to many vets.If your cat is diagnosed, you and your family have to make a decision about the best course of treatment.