Grow Collard Greens

Collard greens, a famous staple of Southern cuisine, are starting to be seen as a treat in other areas.The plants do well in cool weather and are easy to grow.You can grow them in containers or in the ground.They will need lots of sun and water in either case.They will be able to harvest in 40 to 85 days.

Step 1: You can choose a sunny area.

Pick one that gets at least 6 hours of sunlight per day.Collards need a lot of light to grow.If you want to plant in containers, you can move them during the day to get more sun.

Step 2: If you’re planting collards in the ground, choose a well-drained area.

There are no muddy spots or pooled water in the area where the soil drains.The soil should not be drained so much that it becomes bone dry and dusty.The bottom and top of a coffee can can be removed for a simple test of soil drainage.You should dig a hole that is at least 10 cm deep.Put the can in the hole.Pack soil around it to make it safe.The can should be filled with water.Measure the amount of water in the can after an hour.If at least 2 inches of water has escaped within the hour, your soil is perfect for collards.

Step 3: The soil is acidic.

Estimates range from 6.0 to 7.5 for the soil pH.A soil pH testing kit can be purchased from a garden supply store.Digital probes and paper strips are the main types.The instructions for testing the soil pH are included in your kit.Contact your local county or cooperative extension agency for tips on measuring your soil’s pH.

Step 4: Take care of your soil.

Go over the soil with a spade.Go down to a depth of 10 inches.If you find sticks or rocks, remove them.If you are using potting soil, dump it out in a container and break it up.

Step 5: If your soil has a lot of clay or sand, add a layer of compost.

Collards can tolerate a variety of soil types, but they should have plenty of organic matter.If your soil has a lot of clay or sand, dump compost on top until there is a layer about 10 cm thick.The first layer of soil should be mixed with your spade.You can use manure if you don’t have compost.

Step 6: Wait until late summer or early fall to plant.

Cool weather crops include collard greens.They can grow well if they are planted in late summer or early fall.It is warm enough for collards to grow when the soil temperature is 45 F.

Step 7: If you are planting the collards in the ground, dig out rows of soil.

Take out some dirt with a spade and mound it on the sides.You can create rows of 24 inches to 36 inches.

Step 8: The seeds can be planted just below the surface of the soil.

If you’re planting them in the ground or in containers, place the seeds 0.25 inches below the surface of the soil.You can lightly cover the seeds if you sprinkle them on the soil.You can scatter the seeds to save the healthiest plants later.It takes about 5 to 10 days for your seeds to grow.

Step 9: When your plants are 10 inches (25 cm) high, thin them.

There’s a good chance that a lot of the seeds you planted will grow.Pull up the weakest and leave the strongest.If you planted in the ground, thin the seedlings until they are at least 18 inches (46 cm) apart.Add the seedlings to your salads for a delicious treat.

Step 10: If you want, you can transplant from containers to the ground.

You can plant the root ball in a hole in the ground after the seedlings are several inches high.The rest of the space should be filled with soil.If you don’t want to transplant, Collard greens can grow in containers if you water them well.

Step 11: Fertilizing your plants is important.

Once your plants are several inches high, spread 1 cup offertilizer to the side of the soil.Water your plants after you mix thefertilizer in the soil.A high nitrogen-richfertilizer is what you should choose.This is important to produce healthy leaves.If you have planted collards in containers, you should use about 15 liters ofFertilizer per plant.You should keep an eye on your plants.If their leaves start to look pale, fertilize again in 3-6 weeks.

Step 12: Water your plants.

The greens should be kept in moist soil.It should not be soaking wet.You might not need to water the plants every day.You are watering too much if the water pools up in the soil.If it has rained at least that much in your area, give your greens 1 inch to 1.5 inches of water a week.Setting up a rain gauge in your garden is a good way to keep track of rain.If you live in a dry area, add mulch to the soil.

Step 13: Pests can be kept off of your plants.

If you want to stop the slugs, sprinkle diatomaceous earth on the ground.Bt can be used to get rid of caterpillar.At a garden supply store, you can find these materials.There are creatures that look like snails.They will eat the leaves.There are many colors and sizes of Caterpillars.The ones that will attack the greens are likely to be an inch or two long and striped.If you see holes in the leaves of your plants, they are likely to be the culprits.

Step 14: There are diseases that can affect your collards.

Collards can be affected by a few diseases, but they are fairly hardy.Clubroot can cause plants to wither or not produce leaves if the plants are kept in well-drained soil.There are spots on the leaves that indicate a fungus.Black leg Black rot Yellows can be prevented by avoiding planting collards in the same soil in successive years.

Step 15: Before harvesting, cover your plants with a light frost.

Collards taste better if they are allowed to frost.The collards are usually ready to harvest between 40 and 85 days after they are sown.The best time to harvest is after the first frost.When they are frozen in the ground, you can pick them.The leaves of the plants become brittle when frozen.

Step 16: Pick individual leaves or clip whole plants.

Take the whole plant out of the ground.Pick single leaves so that they grow.If you pick off individual leaves, your plants will keep producing throughout the growing season.

Step 17: If necessary, replant the greens next year.

If you pick individual leaves from your plants, your greens may continue to grow next year.The climate in your area will affect this.If winter temperatures are severe, you may need to replant the greens next year.